Highland Park General Hospital

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Highland Park General Hospital
Highland Park MI General Hospital.jpg
LocationHighland Park, Michigan
Coordinates42°23′41″N 83°6′19″W / 42.39472°N 83.10528°W / 42.39472; -83.10528Coordinates: 42°23′41″N 83°6′19″W / 42.39472°N 83.10528°W / 42.39472; -83.10528
Built1918
ArchitectMeyer Joseph Sturm[2]
Architectural styleLate 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Other
NRHP reference #85003400[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 31, 1985
Designated MSHSMarch 5, 1979[3]

The Highland Park General Hospital is a hospital complex located at 357 Glendale Avenue in Highland Park, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1979[3] and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.[1] The hospital primarily served African Americans.[4]

Description[edit]

The Highland Park General Hospital sits on a 6-acre (2.4 ha) at the western edge of Highland Park, in an area that is primarily residential.[3] The complex includes three separate buildings. The primary building faces Glendale, and includes the original hospital building, built in 1918, and the attached nurses' residence (1925).[3] The other two buildings are located behind the main unit, and consist of the power plant/laundry buildings (builtin in 1921 and 1940, respectively) and the Contagious and Psychopathic Units (built in 1926).[3]

This complex of buildings was developed to be a coherent assemblage, united by a common use of materials, utilitarian design, and hierarchical relationship.[3] The buildings constructed before World War II are detailed in a neo-Georgian style characteristic of the early 20th century period of construction, while elements built in the postwar era have no historical or ornamental detailing.[3]

History[edit]

The Highland Park General Hospital is a significant landmark in the history of Highland Park. The hospital was one of the first two institutions established when Highland Park incorporated as a city in 1916.[3] The main building was constructed in the period from 1918–1921, and the growth and usage of the hospital contributed to the strong municipal identity of Highland Park, particularly as Detroit grew and annexed the surrounding suburbs. The Highland Park General Hospital served the city as a hospital until its closing in 1976.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ "ARCHITECT URGES HOSPITAL DELAY - Highland Park to postpone construction until spring". The Detroit Free Press. 84: 10. October 15, 1918.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Highland Park General Hospital from the state of Michigan
  4. ^ Nathaniel Wesley, Jr., Black Hospitals in America: History, Contributions and Demise, Tallahassee, NWR Associates Publications, 2010, ISBN 9780615382395, pp. 67 and 123.