Gaddi Kutta

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Gaddi Kutta
Other namesGaddi Kutta , Mahidant Mastiff , bhutia kukar
Breed statusNot recognized as a standardized breed by any major kennel club.
Weight Male 60-105
Female 50-65
Height 18-24 inch
Male 25-32
Female 26-30
Litter size 6-8 Puppies
Life span 8-15 years
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

Gaddi Kutta is a mastiff-type mountain dog found in northern India, especially in the western Himalayas region and in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.They are also called the Himalayan Sheepdog, Indian Panther Hound, as well as Mahidant Mastiff and Bhutia, the former pointing to the breed’s skills and the latter to its origins. Though initially bred for hunting purposes, the Gaddi Kutta is widely used by local shepherds, mostly Gaddis (from the South Asian tribe of the same name) and are reputed to be strong enough to repulse attacks by snow leopards, and to have the intelligence to herd stray sheep and goats back to their pens.

They come in solid colours of black and tan, dark fawn and sometimes reddish, black and shadow white colour. Working shepherds' dogs are shorter and lighter than those kept as pets. The height of the male is 28-34 inches, and of the female 26-32 inches. Weight of the male is 45–80 kg and of the female 35–60 kg.

This mountain dog breed is closely similar to Tibetan Mastiff and may be related to the long-haired Kinnaur Sheepdog of Tibet. Naturally, Himalayan Sheepdogs enjoy outdoor lifestyles and are rarely seen beyond the regions of India. As a powerful and robust breed, the Himalayan Sheepdog is mainly used for herding purposes. The Himalayan Sheepdog is regionally popular as both a loyal companion as well as a working dog.

Four commemorative postage stamps were issued on 9 January 2005 by India Post for four breeds (sic.) i.e. Himalayan Sheep Dog, Rampur Hound, Mudhol Hound (Face value Rs. 5.00 each) and Rajapalayam (Face value Rs. 15.00)

Some famous blood lines of Gaddi Kutta include: bujus bloodline, spiti working line or Manali agroline. [1]


The Gaddi Kutta takes its name from the Gaddi tribe of South Asia, while the word "Kutta" means "Dog" in Hindi-Urdu.


Due to its active nature, this breed is not meant to keep indoors for a long period of time or in an apartment. The Himalayan Sheepdog is normally used as a herd dog or a watchdog and requires a great amount of outdoor exercise. This breed may require obedience training in order to domesticate them. Training this breed may be difficult due to its independent and stubborn nature. Trust and dominance should be enforced when training the Himalayan Sheepdog. To successfully train this breed, it is best to be stern when doing repetitive training exercises and to socialize them as puppies. Proper care of this breed includes daily exercise and training.[2] Although this rustic breed may be inclined to be ferocious with strangers, they are loyal to their owners making them faithful companions. Aside from being alert and territorial, they are also affectionate and gentle to their owners, making them suitable family pets. It is advised that this breed should not be in the presence of other pets, as Himalayan Sheepdogs tend to show aggression and jealousy towards other animals.[3]


The life expectancy of the Himalayan Sheepdog is ten years. This breed is known to be relatively healthy due to their active lifestyles but is also prone to a few health concerns. Some common health problems include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, arthritis, glaucoma, and obesity.[2][unreliable source?] Proper care of this breed includes daily exercise and training.


Although the exact origin of the Himalayan Sheepdog has not been well documented, they are believed to have a rich heritage in North India. This breed is also believed to have been around since the ancient times of those regions. Local tribes have used the dogs as guard dogs or herding dogs due to their known aggression and agility.[2] The Himalayan Sheepdog was most commonly used to herd and guard cattle from predatory animals. Throughout their history, the breed was also used to hunt large game especially in the harsh terrains in its region. Currently, this breed is common only within the boundaries of India.

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See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A dog with a military mission". The Hindu. Gurkha Post. March 11, 2003. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "All Breed Himalayan Sheepdog". Yahoo Voices. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
  3. ^ "Himalayan Sheepdog". Mastiff Dog Site. Retrieved February 6, 2013.

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