Hinduism in Vietnam
|Hinduism by country|
Hinduism in Vietnam is practised mainly by the ethnic Cham people. Balamon Cham is one of only two surviving non-Indic indigenous Hindu peoples in the world. Hinduism is not one of the 15 religions recognized by the Vietnamese Government.
The majority of Cham in Vietnam (also known as the Eastern Cham) are Hindu while their Cambodian counterparts are largely Muslim. Hindu Chams are called Balamon Cham or Balamon Hindu. They practice a form of Shaivite Brahmanism. Most of the Cham Hindus belong to the Nagavamshi Kshatriya caste, but a considerable minority are Brahmins. In Ninh Thuận Province, where most of the Cham in Vietnam reside, Cham Balamon (Hindu Cham) numbers 32,000; out of the 22 villages in Ninh Thuận, 15 are Hindu. Only four temples are still worshiped in nowadays: Po Inu Nugar, Po Rome, Po Klaung Girai and Po Dam. Binh Thuan Provinces
Cham Hindus believe that when they die, the sacred bull Nandi comes to take their soul to the holy land of Indi. The main festival of Cham Hindus is the Kate festival, or Mbang Kate.It is celebrated for 3 days at the beginning of October.
As per the census of 2009, there are a total of 56,427 Cham Hindus in Vietnam. Out of this number, 40,695 are in Ninh Thuận, and another 15,094 are in Bình Thuận.  In Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces they form 22% and 4.8% of the population respectively. As of 2017, the United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor estimated about 70,000 ethnic Cham Hindus in Vietnam.
Cham Hindu Temples
There are 4,000 Indian (Tamil) Hindus in Ho Chi Minh City. The Mariamman Temple, Ho Chi Minh City is their focal point.It is also considered sacred by many native Vietnamese and Chinese.It is also believed to have miraculous powers and is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Mariamman.
There are three Indian Hindu temples in Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City)-Sri Thendayuthapani temple, Đền Subramaniam Swamy temple and Mariamman Temple.
According to the recent government census in 2009, only the population of Balamon Hindu were included who in numbers were 56,427. Out of this number, 40,695 are in Ninh Thuận, and another 15,094 are in Bình Thuận.It doesn't included the Tamil Hindu population. However ,according to an official estimate by the UK embassy there are 1,500 Hindus in Vietnam,who are probably the Tamil Hindus.
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