Homosocialization

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Homosocialization or LGBT socialization is the process by which LGBT people meet, relate and become integrated in the LGBT community, especially with people of the same sexual orientation and gender identity,[1][2] helping to build their own identity as well.[3][4]

Spaces[edit]

The spaces of homosocialization are those physical or virtual places frequented by LGBT people to meet other people of the community or to find sexual and loving partners, and where it is possible to express freely their sexual identity.[5][6]

Before configuring places targeting specifically the LGBT community, the most regular practice to interact in the gay community was sexual encounters in certain outdoor places, such as parks or public baths.[7] Although much less frequent, nowadays cruising is still a common practice, especially among men who have sex with other men.[8]

There are numerous businesses and associations targeting gender and sexual diversity that allow the meeting and socialization of LGBT community. In many cases, they emerge in LGBT villages, where the group is concentrated. However, many places are suffering the rivalry of social networks and internet to attract LGBT people.[9][10][11]

Youth Inclusion[edit]

High School[edit]

Gay-Straight alliances’ (GSA’s) started to appear in the 80’s. They were a way for the youth of the community to overcome seclusion and stigma in the school environments. Currently registered under the parent network, GLSEN, there are over 3,000 clubs in the states.[12]

The climate of a school has a direct relation to the health of the student’s physically and mentally. A survey of students revealed that 57% of people heard remarks; 60% felt unsafe; 31% have missed at least 1 day of school in the past month.[13]

College/University[edit]

Higher education is a strong system of organizations that house LGBT/queer people.[14] Not having the research discredits the life of students. An institution is unable to make sure they are keeping up-to-date on issues. With continued research institutes can contribute to the bettering of life and success of their students.[15]

The last three decades have seen an increase in queer centers on college campuses. These centers are used to help students develop their identities on and off campus. The overall goal of these types of spaces is for the community that is on campus to help the rest of campus become more accepting and informed. These buildings also frequently employ professionals who work to improve campus life.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, Steven; Lipton, Benjamin (2005). "Group Work with Gay Men". Group Work with Populations at Risk. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-515667-6.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Formas de inclusión y exclusión de las minorías sexuales en la ciudad. Hal. 2013
  3. ^ The Development of Sexual Identity in Homosexual Men. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. 1986.
  4. ^ Isay, Richard A. (1989). Being Homosexual: Gay Men and Their Development. Avon.
  5. ^ (in Spanish) Participación e incidencia de la comunidad de lesbianas, gay, bisexuales y transgeneristas en Bogotá. Criterios. 2010
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Espacios de homo-socialización y derecho de ciudad. El Nuevo Diario. 16 April 2016.
  7. ^ Guasch, Óscar (1991). La sociedad rosa (in Spanish). Anagrama. ISBN 978-84-339-1352-4.
  8. ^ (in Spanish)De cantinas, vapores, cines y discotecas. Cambios, rúpturas e inercias en los modos y espacios de homosocialización de la ciudad de México. Revista Latinoamericana de Geografía e Gênero. 2013.
  9. ^ The 'gaytrification' effect: why gay neighbourhoods are being priced out. The Guardian. 13 January 2016.
  10. ^ (in Portuguese) Práticas sexuais em geolocalização entre homens: corpos, prazeres, tecnologías. Athenea digital : revista de pensamiento e investigación social. July 2016.
  11. ^ (in Spanish) Interseccionalidad y sexualidades disidentes Manhunt y los cazadores furtivos entre género, clase social y raza. University of Los Andes (Colombia). 2013.
  12. ^ Mayberry, Maralee (2013-01-21). "Gay-Straight Alliances: Youth Empowerment and Working toward Reducing Stigma of LGBT Youth". Humanity & Society. doi:10.1177/0160597612454358.
  13. ^ Shinn, Marybeth; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu (2008-04-10). Toward Positive Youth Development: Transforming Schools and Community Programs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199716593.
  14. ^ Renn, Kristen A. (2010-03-01). "LGBT and Queer Research in Higher Education: The State and Status of the Field". Educational Researcher. doi:10.3102/0013189X10362579. hdl:10919/87042.
  15. ^ Sanlo, Ronni (2016-07-20). "Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual College Students: Risk, Resiliency, and Retention". Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice. 6: 97–110. doi:10.2190/FH61-VE7V-HHCX-0PUR.
  16. ^ Pitcher, Erich N.; Camacho, Trace P.; Renn, Kristen A.; Woodford, Michael R. (June 2018). "Affirming policies, programs, and supportive services: Using an organizational perspective to understand LGBTQ+ college student success". Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. 11 (2): 117–132. doi:10.1037/dhe0000048. ISSN 1938-8934.