Hulk in other media

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Adaptations of the Hulk in other media
The Incredible Hulk logo.png
Created byStan Lee
Jack Kirby
Original sourceComics published by Marvel Comics
First appearanceThe Incredible Hulk #1 (May 1962)
Print publications
Novel(s)The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars (1978)
The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast (1979)
Films and television
Film(s)Hulk (2003)
The Incredible Hulk (2008)
The Marvel Super Heroes (1966)
The Incredible Hulk (1978–82)
The Incredible Hulk (animated; 1982–83)
The Incredible Hulk (animated; 1996–97)
Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. (2013–2015)
Video game(s)The Incredible Hulk (1994)
The Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon Saga (1996)
The Incredible Hulk (2003)
Hulk (2003)
The Incredible Hulk: Ultimate Destruction (2005)
The Incredible Hulk (2008)

The Marvel Comics character called the Hulk has appeared in many types of media other than comics, such as animated and live action TV series, films, books, video games, comic strips, and stage shows.



Hulk from the 1966 animated series, The Marvel Super Heroes

The Hulk debuted in television in 1966 as part of The Marvel Super Heroes animated series. Produced by Grantray-Lawrence Animation, headed by Grant Simmons, Ray Patterson and Robert Lawrence, the series is in stop-motion comic book form, with radio personalities Max Ferguson voicing the Hulk and Paul Soles voicing Bruce Banner. The 39 seven-minute segment episodes were shown, along with those featuring Captain America, Iron Man, Thor, and Sub-Mariner also from that series.[1] They were all based on the early stories from The Incredible Hulk and Tales to Astonish comic book series from Marvel. The series shows Bruce Banner's origin of becoming the Hulk and struggling to keep his dual identity a secret from everyone, as well as trying to maintain his romance with Betty Ross, friendship with Rick Jones—the only one knowing that Banner and the Hulk are the same, and first battling super-villains such as the Leader, Metal Master, Ringmaster, Chameleon, Boomerang & Tyrannus. While at the same time battling and avoiding the military headed by Betty's father General Thunderbolt Ross with his right hand man Glenn Talbot.


The Hulk appeared in the 1978–1982 live action television series, The Incredible Hulk, and its subsequent television films. Created by Universal Studios, it starred Bill Bixby as Dr. David Banner and Lou Ferrigno as the Hulk. It does not follow the comic book-fantasy format, omits the typical villains or supporting characters, and Hulk does not speak, but only growls and roars.[2] In this series, David Banner becomes the Hulk, is assumed dead, and goes on the run while being pursued by tabloid investigative reporter Jack McGee (Jack Colvin), who is bent on proving that the creature exists. The two-hour pilot movie, which established the Hulk's origins, aired on November 4, 1977. The series was originally broadcast by CBS from March 10, 1978 to June 2, 1982,[3] with eighty-two episodes in five seasons, and later followed by three television films.



  • The Marvel Action Hour (1994–1996): The Hulk appears in episodes of the Fantastic Four and Iron Man cartoons that made up The Marvel Action Hour, although the character design for both Banner and the Hulk were markedly different, with Ron Perlman playing both roles.
  • X-Men: The Hulk appears as a robot in the Danger Room of the X-Mansion in the animated series episode "The Juggernaut Returns" (1995), on this episode Hulk appears on the desert fighting Juggernaut.
  • The Incredible Hulk (1996–1997): Marvel Studios and Saban Entertainment brought the Hulk back to animated form, with Neal McDonough voicing Dr. Bruce Banner, Lou Ferrigno providing the voice of the Hulk, and Michael Donovan voicing the Grey Hulk. In 1997, the title changed to The Incredible Hulk and She-Hulk, when She-Hulk was given full time status; featuring the She-Hulk in episodes with the Gray Hulk. In the episode "Mind Over Anti-Matter", Banner turns into a monstrous Dark Hulk when possessed by an evil entity, both voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson. The show had all the elements from the comics, from his origin to Bruce's turmoil with being the Hulk and his romance with Betty Ross as well as his friendship with Rick Jones (voiced by Luke Perry) who followed Hulk around to help and look out for him while Hulk/Bruce was being hunted by the military lead by Betty's father General Thunderbolt Ross with Glenn Talbolt. The series also had Doc Samson who helped out the Hulk, while at the same time battling him. The series featured The Hulk facing off against his archenemy The Leader with his Gamma mutated army including Abomination, Gargoyle & Ogress; Hulk also dealt with other villains like Zzzax, Absorbing Man and Dr Doom. The show aired briefly on ABC Family following the release of the live-action movie in 2003.
  • In Avengers: United They Stand, a painting of the Hulk is seen along with other former Avengers.


  • Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes: The Hulk appears in the episode titled "Hard Knocks" (2006) with Bruce Banner voiced by Andrew Kavadas[4] and the Hulk voiced by Mark Gibbon.[5]
  • Wolverine and the X-Men: The Hulk appears in the episode "Wolverine Vs. the Hulk" (2008) with Bruce Banner voiced by Gabriel Mann and the Hulk voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
  • Iron Man: Armored Adventures: Appears in the episode "Uncontrollable" (2010) with Mark Gibbon reprising his role of the Hulk.[5] During the season 2 episode, "Rage of the Hulk" the Hulk returns, however first as Bruce Banner, an old friend of Howard Stark's (His voice actor wasn't credited). He enlisted both Howard and Tony's help in curing his condition as the Hulk by creating a gamma energy syphon, only to be interrupted by the arrival of General Ross. After exposer to Ross's modified syphon, Hulk turns into the Grey Hulk. Bruce returns along with several other of Iron Man's allies in the finale "Makulan Invasion Part 2: Unite" helping Iron Man. Unlike any other incarnation of the Hulk, Bruce doesn't grow to become the Hulk and rip off his clothing. Instead, he just transforms in a flash of light.
  • The Hulk appears in The Super Hero Squad Show (2009–11), voiced by Travis Willingham.[5]



Evolution of the Hulk in film. (L to R): Hulk (2003), The Incredible Hulk (2008), The Avengers (2012)


Bill Bixby / Lou Ferrigno TV films (1977-1990)[edit]

Hulk (2003)[edit]

Marvel Cinematic Universe (2008-present)[edit]

  • Edward Norton portrays Bruce Banner in The Incredible Hulk (2008),[16] with Lou Ferrigno providing the voice of the Hulk.[17]
  • Norton did not return to the role in The Avengers (2012),[18] being replaced by Mark Ruffalo.[19] This time, the voice of the Hulk was a mix of Ruffalo, Ferrigno and a few others,[20] though the Hulk's single line of dialog, "Puny god", was provided solely by Ruffalo.[21] Mike Seymour of FX Guide called Ruffalo's Hulk "the most successful Hulk" in comparison to "the less than fully successful earlier attempts at digital Hulks." Seymour explained, "Ang Lee's 2003 Hulk and Louis Leterrier's The Incredible Hulk both failed in producing a Hulk that could walk the digital tightrope of impressive near undefeatable strength, huge body mass, fast agile movement, raw anger and likable performance." He stated that on contrary Ruffalo's Hulk had "both dynamic action sequences and crowd pleasing moments of humor and dialogue". In order to achieve this, Industrial Light & Magic created a new motion capture and facial animation system. Hulk's face was generated from a life cast / scan of Ruffalo's face, which was then manipulated in the program ZBrush to become the Hulk, while making sure to retain Ruffalo's essence.[22]
  • Ruffalo reprises the role of Banner in Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015),[23] Thor: Ragnarok (2017).[24] Avengers: Infinity War,[25] and Avengers: Endgame (2019).[25] Additionally, Ruffalo makes various cameos appearances as Banner in post-credits scenes for two films Iron Man 3 (2013) and Captain Marvel (2019), with the latter featuring him in the mid-credits scene.[26]


A sequel to 2008's The Incredible Hulk has been discussed, with Marvel Studios having suggested a possible release after 2015's Avengers: Age of Ultron due to the positive audience reception towards Ruffalo's portrayal of Bruce Banner in The Avengers.[27] In June 2014, Ruffalo said he believed the studio might be considering doing a new standalone Hulk film, saying, "I think they are, for the first time, entertaining the idea of it. When we did The Avengers it was basically 'No!', and now there is some consideration for it. But there's still nothing definitive, not even a skeletal version of what it would be."[28] In December 2014, Joss Whedon stated that, for the time being, a new solo Hulk film has not been announced or confirmed, due to Marvel wishing to have a character that only appears in Avengers films, despite the positive reception to Ruffalo.[29]

In April 2015, Ruffalo told Collider that Universal Pictures holding the distribution rights to Hulk films may be an obstacle to releasing a future Hulk standalone film.[30] Two nights after the release of Infinity War, fans started a petition for Marvel to extend Ruffalo's contract for him to appear in an Incredible Hulk 2 and for Universal to let Disney have the distribution rights to any potential post-Endgame Hulk films and Disney, in return, give Universal, for each, a marquee credit (including placement of the studio's opening logo) and 8-9% of the profits as they have for Paramount Pictures with The Avengers and Iron Man 3. This likely will not happen since unlike Paramount, Universal holds the theme park rights to several Marvel characters (including the Hulk) in its theme parks that Disney (Marvel's parent company) wants, but is restricted by the 1994 Marvel theme park agreement with Universal, for its own theme parks.[31]


Comic strips[edit]


Pocket Books published two mass market paperback solo novels starring the character, The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars in 1978[37] and The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast in 1979.[38][39] The Hulk has appeared in the following novels:

Title Author Publisher ISBN Release Date Notes
The Incredible Hulk: Stalker From the Stars Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
Joseph Silva
Pocket Books 0671820842 / 9780671820848 October 1978 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #2
The Incredible Hulk: Cry of the Beast Richard S. Meyers Pocket Books 0671820850 / 9780671820855 March 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #3
The Marvel Superheroes Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
Pocket Books 0671820915 / 9780671820916 August 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk
The Hulk and Spider-Man: Murdermoon Paul Kupperberg Pocket Books 067182094X / 9780671820947 October 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #11
The Incredible Hulk: What Savage Beast Peter David Putnam/BPMC (hardback)
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback)
0756759676 / 9780756759674 (hardback)
1572971355 / 9781572971356 (paperback)
July 1995 (hardback)
July 1996 (paperback)
Spider-Man and the Incredible Hulk: Doom's Day Book One: Rampage Danny Fingeroth
Eric Fein
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971649 / 9781572971646 September 1996 First in Doom's Day trilogy; is followed by Spider-Man and Iron Man: Doom's Day Book Two: Sabotage
The Incredible Hulk: Abominations Jason Henderson Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972734 / 9781572972735 July 1997
The Ultimate Hulk Stan Lee
Peter David
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425165132 / 9780425165133 October 1998 Short story collection
Hulk Peter David Del Rey Books 0345459679 / 9780345459671 April 2003 Novelization of the 2003 Hulk movie
The Incredible Hulk Peter David Del Rey Books 0345506995 / 978-0345506993 May 2008 Novelization of the 2008 The Incredible Hulk movie

Video games[edit]

The Incredible Hulk appears in video games for many systems, including the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, Sega Genesis, SNES, Sega Master System, Game Gear, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube, Game Boy Advance, and personal computer.

Live performances[edit]

Popular culture references[edit]

  • 1979 to 2019: Saturday Night Live
    • season 4, episode 15 sketch called "Superhero Party" has John Belushi playing the Hulk when Superman (Bill Murray) and Lois Lane (Margot Kidder) are married and having a dinner party.[57]
    • season 18, episode 8 sketch called "Superman's Funeral", where the Hulk (portrayed by Chris Farley) is one of the speakers.[58]
    • season 20, episode 9 sketch called "The Incredible Hulk", where the Hulk (portrayed by George Foreman) gets bored at a needlessly repetitive sketch.[59]
    • season 40, episode 16 sketch called "The Rock Obama", where the Hulk (portrayed by Dwayne Johnson) is called the Rock Obama.[60]
    • season 44, episode 15 sketch called "The Impossible Hulk", where Dr. Banner (portrayed by Idris Elba) transforms into a raging white woman (portrayed by Cecily Strong) due to a "failed gamma ray experiment" above a Tory Burch.[61]
  • 1990: Attack of the Killer Tomatoes episode – "Tomato from the Black Lagoon", Chad Finletter sees a man getting angry and impatient while waiting for a plane, then the man starts to turn into a green muscular monster as he gets angry.
  • 1991: Taz-Mania – episode "Dr. Wendal and Mr. Taz", Wendal is irradiated in an "Ultra gamma ray testing booth", mistaking it for a tanning booth, causing him to transform into a giant, violent monster whenever he is made upset.
  • 1996: Adventures of Ricardo short – originally seen on MTV's Cartoon Sushi and available on The Animation Show DVD, the title character professes his love of the character, renamed "The Incwedibul Hunk" here due to Ricardo's speech impediment
  • 1996: Dexter's Laboratory – a purple-skinned parody of the Hulk named "The Infraggable Krunk" (voiced by Frank Welker) made a few appearances in season one and shared a segment called "The Justice Friends" with Major Glory (a parody of Captain America voiced by Rob Paulsen) and Valhallen (a parody of Thor voiced by Tom Kenny). Additionally, the episode "Hunger Strikes" has Dexter transform into a Hulk-like monster whenever he doesn't eat vegetables, complete with a parody of the "You wouldn't like me when I'm angry" line.
  • 1998, 2004: MADtv
    • season 3, episode 17 skit showed a man (portrayed by Will Sasso) becoming a miniature version of the Hulk (portrayed by Alex Borstein), and a
    • season 9, episode 19 skit has Bruce Banner (portrayed by Ike Barinholtz) attempt to create a serum that will prevent him from becoming the Hulk. The serum, however, backfires and causes him to turn into a homosexual pink colored version of the Hulk (portrayed by Paul C. Vogt).
  • 1999–2011: Family Guy
    • episode "Chitty Chitty Death Bang" (1999), a part in Peter Griffin's obviously made-up story to Lois Griffin has him turning into the Hulk to attack the devilish manager of the place he is supposed to have Stewie's birthday
    • The end credits for the episode "Wasted Talent" (2000) are run while Joe Harnell's "The Lonely Man" plays in homage to The Incredible Hulk (1978 TV series); it shows Stewie hitchhiking along the side of the freeway á la David Banner
    • episode "A Fish out of Water" (2001), Peter buys a fishing boat and gives it the name of "S.S. More Powerful Than Superman, Batman, Spider-Man, and The Incredible Hulk put it together"
    • episode "Emission Impossible" (2001), Peter asks Lois's sister if he can have her husband's shirts so that he can imitate Hulk ripping his shirt off throughout; And the 2011
    • episode: "And I'm Joyce Kinney", replaces the regular Family Guy opening with a spoof of the Hulk TV series opening, placing Stewie as David Banner, Peter as the Hulk and Tom Tucker as Jack McGee
  • 2001 (Dr. Dre album): On the song "Some L.A. Niggas," rapper King T compares the marijuana he smokes to the Hulk, with the line, "Smoke big green, call it Bruce Banner"
  • 2002: Scrubs – episode "My Student", after the medical student assigned to J.D. made numerous mistakes, J.D. gets angry and transforms into the Hulk
  • 2002/08: The Simpsons
  • 2005–13: The character appears in the Robot Chicken episodes: "The Deep End" (2005), "Badunkadunk" (2005), "Two Weeks Without Food" (2009), "Executed by the State" (2012), "Collateral Damage in Gang Turf War" (2012), "Eaten by Cats" (2013)
  • 2006: The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift – Lil' Bow Wow has a Hulk-themed car.
  • 2007: The Hulk appears in the South Park episode trilogy "Imaginationland"
  • 2008: In the parody film Disaster Movie, the character is played by Roland Kickinger
  • 2010: Castle – episode "Tick, Tick, Tick...", Martha Rodgers (played by Susan Sullivan) watches a video of the pilot episode of The Incredible Hulk, where she plays Dr. Marks
  • 2016: Bruce Banner (portrayed by Lloyd Ahlquist) and The Hulk (portrayed by Mike O'Hearn) appear in an episode of Epic Rap Battles of History, rap battling against Bruce and Caitlyn Jenner respectively. He also appeared in the 69th episode of the popular online show from ScrewAttack, Death Battle, where he fought Doomsday from DC Comics in a hypothetical battle to the death and lost. He also fought and lost against Broly from Dragon Ball Z in a One Minute Melee.
  • 2018: The Hulk appeared in the 47th episode of DBX, a spin-off of Death Battle, in which he defeated the Juggernaut.
  • Several Twitter accounts exist that parody the Hulk, including Feminist Hulk,[62] Drunk Hulk, and Film Crit Hulk.


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