Location of Hungerford, Texas
|• Total||1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)|
|• Land||1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||105 ft (32 m)|
|• Density||190/sq mi (74/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1338297|
Hungerford is a census-designated place (CDP) in northeastern Wharton County, Texas, United States. U.S. Route 59, Texas State Highway 60, and Farm to Market Road 1161 intersect in the community. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through Hungerford. The population was 347 at the 2010 census. It is located on what in the 1820s was the Alexander Jackson league. By the 1870s, the Quinan settlement grew up a short distance away, but its residents moved to the new town when the railroad came through Hungerford.
Hungerford is located at (29.399122, -96.077019).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), all of it land.
Alexander Jackson was one of the Old Three Hundred colonists from the United States who accepted land grants from Stephen F. Austin. The Alexander Jackson league was a strip of land which was bounded on the southwest by the Colorado River just northwest of present-day Wharton and ran northeast beyond West Bernard Creek. After the Texas Revolution, the Republic of Texas set up a short-lived ordnance depot called Post West Bernard Station at a location 3.5 miles (5.6 km) northwest of present-day Hungerford. Its purpose was to recondition weapons captured at the Battle of San Jacinto and to watch for a possible invasion by the Mexican army.
In 1872 the village of Quinan was founded about 0.25 miles (0.4 km) west of present day Hungerford. The Quinan post office was established in 1874 in the general store owned by John C. Habermacher, who also served as postmaster. Habermacher was once a member of Edwin Booth's acting troupe. His wife Annie Thatcher was Alexander Jackson's grand-daughter. In 1882 the New York, Texas and Mexican Railway was built through the newly-surveyed town of Hungerford which was in the adjacent George W. Singleton league. Most of Quinan's businesses moved to the railroad, followed by the post office in 1883. The new town was named after Daniel E. Hungerford, who was the father-in-law of the railroad's major investor John William Mackay.
In 1885, Hungerford boasted 200 residents, several churches, a steam cotton gin, a gristmill, and a school. In 1908 the town became the headquarters for the J. D. Hudgins Ranch. In 1926 the Strouhal Tire Recapping Company opened in Hungerford. That year, the town had 13 businesses, including three general stores. Five different area schools counted a total of 259 black students, 189 white students, and 13 teachers. The 1927 poll tax enumerated 85 white voters and 64 black voters. In 1961 the population was 450 and 18 commercial establishments were in town. By that year, the train no longer stopped at Hungerford. In 1973, the local school district stopped operating and its students were absorbed by four nearby districts.
In the 1980s there were 500 residents and most business was seasonal: hunting and harvesting cotton, grain, and pecans. In 1980 the Teen Challenge of South Texas New Life Rehabilitation Center bought the former black school. Between its opening and 1990, its enrollment increased from 150 to 250. In 2018 it was the Straightway Training Center, a Christian based drug and alcohol rehabilitation program. In 1986, the Texas Historical Commission located four markers in Hungerford. In the late 1980s, U.S. Route 59 was rerouted to bypass Hungerford. In 2000 the population was 645.
As of the census of 2000, there were 645 people, 169 households, and 117 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 352.1 people per square mile (136.1/km²). There were 177 housing units at an average density of 96.6/sq mi (37.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 52.87% White, 31.16% African American, 14.26% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.02% of the population.
There were 169 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.72.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 37.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,544, and the median income for a family was $55,781. Males had a median income of $34,688 versus $18,214 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,191. About 7.3% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The businesses are the Hungerford Growers Cotton Gin, Strouhal Tire Recapping Plant, Hungerford Co-op Store, Reyna's Café, Hungerford Super Market, J. D. Hudgins Office, Chevron Service Station, McDonald's, and Love's Travel Stop. The large silos of the Hungerford Grain Company are on FM 1161 to the west of town.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hungerford, Texas. Retrieved on December 24, 2018.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Wharton County Historical Commission, ed. (1993). Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946. 1. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 1.
- See photo of Post West Bernard Station historical marker.
- Wharton County Historical Commission, ed. (1993). Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946. 1. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 3.
- See photo of Quinan Community historical marker.
- Hudgins 2010.
- Wharton County Historical Commission, ed. (1993). Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946. 1. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 144.
- Wharton County Historical Commission, ed. (1993). Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946. 1. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 145.
- "Straightway Training Center". Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- "Post Office Location - HUNGERFORD." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hungerford, Texas
- Hudgins, Merle R.: HUNGERFORD, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online (June 15, 2010). Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Wharton County Historical Commission, ed. (1993). Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946. 1. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press.