Hyden, Kentucky

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Hyden, Kentucky
Main Street
Main Street
Nickname(s): 
Redbud Capital of the World
Location of Hyden, Kentucky
Location of Hyden, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°9′48″N 83°22′30″W / 37.16333°N 83.37500°W / 37.16333; -83.37500Coordinates: 37°9′48″N 83°22′30″W / 37.16333°N 83.37500°W / 37.16333; -83.37500
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyLeslie
IncorporatedMarch 18, 1882
Government
 • TypeCity Commission
 • MayorCarol Lewis
Area
 • Total0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
922 ft (281 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total365
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
351
 • Density256.0/sq mi (98.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
41749, 41762
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-38908
GNIS feature ID0512880
Websitewww.cityofhyden.com

Hyden is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Leslie County, Kentucky, United States.[2] The population was 365 at the 2010 census. It is located at the junction of U.S. Route 421 and Kentucky Route 80, along the Middle Fork of the Kentucky River.

History[edit]

The area was first settled around 1800 by the Sizemore family, a Native American family migrating from North Carolina, with a brief stay in Hawkins, Tennessee, before making it to Kentucky. John "Rock House" Sizemore and wife, Nancy (Bowling) Sizemore lived in a rock house about a hundred yards up from the mouth of the creek which would later bear his name (RockHouse Creek). John Rock House later sold the land to a Lewis man who then donated the land to the government, which became the town of Hyden. The town was established in 1878 and incorporated in 1882, and was named after John Hyden, a state senator of the time who helped form Leslie County.[3] The mountainous terrain made the region difficult to access except by river, which was no longer the dominant form of transportation by the late 19th century, hindering growth.

Frontier Nursing University opened in Hyden in 1939.

Hyden briefly came to national attention when the Hurricane Creek mine disaster occurred in late 1970, five miles away.[4]

In July 1978, Richard Nixon came to Hyden to make his first public speech since resigning from the presidency during the Watergate crisis.[5] Hyden was picked because U.S. Rep. Tim Lee Carter invited him to attend the dedication of a recreation facility and Nixon wanted a town that had heavily supported his presidential runs. Leslie County Judge-Executive C. Allen Muncy claimed the Nixon invitation prompted the U.S. Department of Justice to obtain indictments of him and his associates on vote-fraud charges; while on appeal for his conviction, he won renomination in the Republican primary but lost the 1981 general election to independent Kermit Keen.[6]

Geography[edit]

Hyden is located at 37°9′48″N 83°22′30″W / 37.16333°N 83.37500°W / 37.16333; -83.37500 (37.163456, -83.375065).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8-square-mile (2.1 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hyden has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
189080
1900269236.3%
191031617.5%
1920313−0.9%
1950647
1960348−46.2%
197048238.5%
19804881.2%
1990375−23.2%
2000204−45.6%
201036578.9%
Est. 2016351[1]−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 204 people, 95 households, and 58 families residing in the city. The population density was 256.0 people per square mile (98.5/km²). There were 112 housing units at an average density of 140.6 per square mile (54.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.51% White and 0.49% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 95 households out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the city, the population was spread out with 15.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 74.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,429, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $24,792 versus $31,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,966. About 3.2% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 24.4% of those sixty five or over.

Education[edit]

Hyden has a lending library, the Leslie County Public Library.[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 148. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
  4. ^ Franklin, Ben A. (1971-01-01). "Re-check Was Overdue; Mine Where 38 Died Had Record of Safety Risks". New York Times.
  5. ^ Observer, Curious (17 December 2008). "Curious Observer: 1978- Nixon's First Public Speech in Hyden, Ky". john-ketcham.blogspot.com. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  6. ^ "The Big Lever," Appalshop Inc., 1982
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Hyden, Kentucky Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.

External links[edit]