Interstate 94 in North Dakota

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Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
I-94 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NDDOT
Length352.454 mi[1] (567.220 km)
Major junctions
West end I-94 at Montana state line
 
East end I-94 / US 52 at Minnesota state line
Location
CountiesGolden Valley, Billings, Stark, Morton, Burleigh, Kidder, Stutsman, Barnes, Cass
Highway system
  • North Dakota State Highways
ND 89ND 97

Interstate 94 (I-94) runs east–west through the central portion of the US state of North Dakota.

Route description[edit]

Eastbound, the route enters from Montana at Beach and passes Dickinson, Bismarck, and Jamestown before entering Fargo, where it exits the state at the Red River and continues into Minnesota, southeast to Minneapolis.

The route passes to the south of Theodore Roosevelt National Park's southern unit; access to the northern unit is by US Highway 85 (US 85) north from Belfield. Eastbound, I-94 changes time zones at the StarkMorton county line southwest of Hebron. Mountain time (UTC−7) is observed in Stark County (and west) and Central time (UTC−6) in the rest of the state.

I-94 has two lanes in each direction through most of the state, expanding briefly to three lanes in each direction in the Bismarck–Mandan area (from exit 155 to 156) and in Fargo from 45th Street (exit 348) to the Red River.

Points of interest[edit]

The route enters at Beach and passes through the Badlands near Medora near and the south unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. A public rest area about seven miles (11 km) east of Medora provides an awe-inspiring view, especially at sunset, and an opportunity to hike through some of the scenery on the Painted Canyon Trail. Further east, I-94 provides access to the north unit of the national park, then passes through the cities of Dickinson, Mandan/Bismarck, Jamestown, and Valley City on the way to West Fargo and Fargo, where it leaves the state and crosses into Minnesota.

Through North Dakota, I-94 travels nearly due east-west, generally following both the railroad route and the former route of US 10 (called "The Old Red Trail" or "The National Parks Trail"), where its eastern terminus is at exit 343 in West Fargo.

The highway intersects with the Enchanted Highway 11 miles (18 km) east of Dickinson at exit 72. At New Salem, it passes Salem Sue, a 38-foot-high (12 m) sculpture of a Holstein cow that is clearly visible on the south side of the highway; the road to Sue allows a vantage point to view a panoramic landscape. Between Mandan and Bismarck, I-94 crosses the Missouri River with a view of the Northern Pacific (now BNSF) Railroad Bridge to the south. At Steele, it passes the world's largest sculpture of a Sandhill crane, 40 feet (12 m) tall and named "Sandy", on the south side of I-94, just east of exit 200. At Jamestown, it passes the world's largest sculpture of a buffalo (actually bison) named "Dakota Thunder," 28 feet (8.5 m) in height and on the north of the highway.

Continental Divide sign, westbound on I-94

At approximately mile marker 275 on the westbound lanes between Jamestown and Valley City, the highway crosses the Laurentian Continental Divide, at an elevation of 1,490 feet (454 m) above sea level. The rivers that are west of this divide flow south into the Atlantic Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico, while the rivers that are east of the divide flow north into Hudson Bay. The James River, that flows through Jamestown, feeds into the Atlantic Ocean, while the Sheyenne River, that flows through Valley City (36 miles (58 km) east of Jamestown), feeds into Hudson Bay.

In Fargo, a well-known yet unnamed pedestrian bridge crosses over I-94; opened 43 years ago in 1976, in time for the United States' bicentennial. While providing a unique crossing for the surrounding neighborhoods, it serves as a landmark for commuters and travelers. Westbound, it is one of the first North Dakota landmarks visible from the highway.[2]

History[edit]

East bound on I-94, the main highway east–west through North Dakota[3]

Through the state, I-94 follows the route once taken by US 10 west from Fargo. This route was originally called "The Old Red Trail". Prairie Public Television in North Dakota produced a documentary about US Highway 10 and the building of I-94 through the state.[citation needed]

I-94 roughly follows the route of the former Northern Pacific Railway mainline (now a BNSF Railway route) across North Dakota. Many of the towns and cities that I-94 serves first grew as railroad towns in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

The first section of I-94 completed with Interstate funds (under the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956) was a 12-mile (19 km) section between Jamestown and Valley City, North Dakota in 1958.

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationmi[1][4]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Golden Valley0.0000.000 I-94 west – BillingsContinuation into Montana
Beach1.8492.9761 ND 16 – BeachRest area just south of exit
7.36811.8587Home on the Range
10.47816.86310Camel Hump Lake, Sentinel Butte
18.45229.69618Buffalo Gap
Billings23.00137.01723West River RoadEastbound exit and westbound entrance
24.31539.13124 I-94 Bus. east – Theodore Roosevelt National Park, Medora
27.24343.84327 I-94 Bus. west – Theodore Roosevelt National Park, MedoraWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
32.96353.04932Painted Canyon Visitor Center
36.86159.32236Fryburg
StarkBelfield42.36668.18142 US 85 – Watford City, Belfield To North Unit of Theodore Roosevelt National ParkInterchange with the Theodore Roosevelt Expressway
51.47682.84351South Heart
56.41490.79056 ND 22 (North Bypass)
Dickinson59.48595.73259 I-94 Bus. west – DickinsonTo Dickinson State University
61.47698.93661 ND 22 – Killdeer, Dickinson
64.204103.32664 I-94 Bus. east – Dickinson
Former rest area[5]
72.253116.28072Gladstone, LeforEnchanted Highway exit
78.901126.97978Taylor
84.885136.60984 ND 8 – Richardton, Mott
90.110145.01890(no name)
Morton97.188156.40997Hebron
102.914165.624102Glen Ullin, HebronHalf-cloverleaf exit
108.354174.379108Glen Ullin
110.367177.618110 ND 49 – Beulah, Glen Ullin
113.389182.482113(no name)
117.197188.610117(no name)
120.204193.450120(no name)
123.200198.271123Almont
New Salem127.662205.452127 ND 31 north – Hazen, New Salem
134.115215.837134Sweet Briar Lake, JudsonScenic View just east of exit on westbound side
140.118225.498140Crown Butte Dam
147.183236.868147 ND 25 / I-94 Bus. east to ND 6 – Center, Mandan
Mandan152.329245.150152Sunset Drive – MandanScenic View just west of exit on eastbound side
153.988247.820153 ND 1806 (Mandan Avenue)
155.026249.490155 To I-94 Bus. / ND 6 (Main Street)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
156.069251.169156 To I-94 Bus. / Bismarck Expressway (I-194)
Missouri RiverGrant Marsh Bridge
BurleighBismarck157.344253.221157Divide AvenueModified half-cloverleaf interchange
159.419256.560159 US 83 north (ND 1804) – Minot, BismarckWest end of US 83 overlap, North Dakota State Capitol
161.439259.811161Bismarck Expressway (I-94 Bus. west) – Lincoln
170.519274.424170Menoken
176.501284.051176McKenzie
182.488293.686182 US 83 south / ND 14 north – Wing, SterlingEast end of US 83 overlap
190.110305.952190Driscoll
Kidder195.090313.967195(no name)
Steele200.760323.092200 ND 3 north – Tuttle, SteeleWest end of ND 3 overlap
205.071330.030205Robinson
Dawson208.702335.873208 ND 3 south – DawsonEast end of ND 3 overlap
Tappen214.126344.602214Tappen
217.145349.461217Pettibone
221.733356.845221Crystal Springs
Stutsman228.321367.447228 ND 30 south – Streeter
230.288370.613230Medina, Woodworth
233.343375.529233(no name)
Cleveland238.793384.300238Cleveland, Gackle
242.672390.543242Windsor
245.191394.597245(no name)
248.991400.712248(no name)
251.686405.049251Eldridge
256.224412.353256
US 52 Truck west / US 281 Truck north
West end of US 52 Truck/US 281 Truck overlap
Jamestown257.002413.605257JamestownEastbound exit and westbound entrance; left exit
258.055415.299258 US 52 west / US 281 – JamestownEast end of US 52 Truck/US 281 Truck overlap; West end of US 52 overlap
260.125418.631260Jamestown
262.361422.229262Jamestown Regional Airport, Bloom
269.355433.485269Spiritwood
Barnes272.369438.335272(no name)
276.385444.799276Eckelson, Marion
281.640453.256281Sanborn, Litchville
283.139455.668283 ND 1 north – RogersWest end of ND 1 overlap
288.636464.515288 ND 1 south – Verona, OakesEast end of ND 1 overlap
Valley City290.803468.002290 I-94 Bus. west – Valley City
292.072470.044292Valley City
294.283473.603294 I-94 Bus. east – Valley City
296.741477.558296Peak
298.746480.785298(no name)
Oriska302.712487.168302 ND 32 – Oriska, Fingal
Tower City307.679495.161307Tower City
Cass310.456499.631310(no name)
314.863506.723314 ND 38 – Buffalo, AliceSouthern terminus of ND 38
317.846511.524317Ayr
320.837516.337320Embden
322.827519.540322Absaraka
324.821522.749324Wheatland, Chaffee
328.710529.007328Lynchburg
Casselton331.226533.057331 ND 18 – Casselton, Leonard
Mapleton338.737545.144338Mapleton
340.717548.331340Kindred
342.721551.556342(no name)
West Fargo343.803553.297343 US 10 / I-94 Bus. east (Main Avenue)
346.442557.544346Sheyenne StreetSigned as exits 346A (south) and 346B (north) westbound
347.786559.707347Veterans Boulevard, 9th Street EastSigned as 9th Street East north of I-94 and Veterans Boulevard south of I-94
Fargo348.481560.82634845th Street
349.584562.601349 I-29 / US 81 – Grand Forks, Sioux FallsSigned as exits 349A (south) and 349B (north); I-29 exits 63A-B
350.586564.21335025th Street
351.590565.829351
US 81 Bus. (University Drive) – Downtown Fargo
Red River of the North352.454567.220 I-94 east / US 52 eastContinuation into Minnesota
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Spur routes[edit]

  • I-194—a short spur route into Bismarck (Bismarck Expressway); unsigned

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Route and Mileage Map Insets" (PDF). North Dakota Department of Transportation. 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  2. ^ Kerzman, Kris. "Throwback Thursday: A brief history of the Interstate 94 walking bridge". INFORUM. The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  3. ^ Galadriel Findlay Watson (2001). North Dakota. Weigl Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 1-930954-53-0.
  4. ^ "Appendix III-09 B: Interchange Numbering on I-94" (PDF). North Dakota Department of Transportation. January 3, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  5. ^ Google (September 3, 2013). "Former Rest Area" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 3, 2013.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata


Interstate 94
Previous state:
Montana
North Dakota Next state:
Minnesota