iPadOS

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iPadOS
IPadOS wordmark.svg
IPadOS 13 Screenshot.png
iPadOS home screen in dark mode running on an iPad Pro (2018)
DeveloperApple Inc.
Written inC, C++, Objective-C, Swift
OS familyUnix-like, based on Darwin (BSD), iOS
Working stateCurrent
Source modelClosed source
Initial releaseFall 2019
Latest preview13.0 developer beta 4[1] (17A5534f)[2] (July 17, 2019; 0 days ago (2019-07-17)) [±]
Marketing targetTablet computers
Available in40 languages[3][4][5][6]
Update methodOTA
Platforms
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
Default user interfaceCocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)
LicenseProprietary software except for open-source components
Preceded byiOS 12
Official websitewww.apple.com/ipados/
Support status
In public beta stage

iPadOS (based on iOS) is an upcoming mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. Announced at Apple's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), iPadOS officially rebranded iOS on tablets to further differentiate features between the iPhone and the iPad.[7]

History[edit]

When the first iPad was released in 2010, it ran iPhone OS 3.2. This operating system, which had so far been used on the iPhone and iPod Touch, was rebranded as iOS with the release of iOS 4.[8]

As they mostly used the same apps and features, OS variations on the iPhone and iPad continued to use the iOS branding for versions 4–12. Whilst they initially had feature parity, the iPad gradually received a growing set of differentiating features not available on iPhones. The release of iOS 9 in 2015 brought picture-in-picture and the ability to display multiple running apps simultaneously, and iOS 11 in 2017 added drag and drop and an app switcher similar to the macOS Dock. During WWDC 2019, Apple rebranded the iPad's OS for the second time as iPadOS with the announcement of iPadOS 13, emphasizing the exclusive set of features for the iPad.[7]

Features[edit]

Home Screen[edit]

Unlike previous versions of iOS, the icon grid displays up to five rows and six columns of apps, regardless of whether the device is in portrait or landscape orientation. The first page of the home screen can be configured to show a column of widgets from applications for easy access.

Multitasking[edit]

iPadOS features a robust multitasking system, with features like Slide Over and Split View that make it possible to use multiple different applications simultaneously. Double-clicking the Home Button or swiping up from the bottom of the screen and pausing will display all currently active spaces. Each space can feature a single app, or a Split View featuring two apps. The user can also swipe left or right on the Home Indicator to go between spaces at any time, or swipe left/right with four fingers.

While using an app, swiping up slightly from the bottom edge of the screen will summon the Dock, where apps stored within can be dragged to different areas of the current space to be opened in either Split View or Slide Over. Dragging an app to the left or right edge of the screen will create a Split View, which will allow both apps to be used side-by-side. The size of the two apps in Split View can be adjusted by dragging a pill shaped icon in the center of the vertical divider and dragging the divider all the way to one side of the screen closes the respective app. If the user drags an app from the dock over the current app, it will create a floating window called Slide Over which can be dragged to either the left or right side of the screen. A Slide Over window can be hidden by swiping it off the right side of the screen, and swiping left from the right edge of the screen will restore it. Slide Over apps can also be cycled between by swiping left or right on the Home Indicator in the Slide Over window and pulling up on it will open an app switcher for Slide Over windows. A pill shaped icon at the top of apps in Split View or Slide Over allows them to be switched in an out of Split View and Slide Over.

In many applications, playing videos can be shrunk down into a picture-in-picture window so the user can continue watching it while using other apps. This window containing the video can be resized by pinching and spreading and can be docked to any of the four corners of the screen. It can also be hidden by swiping it off the side of the screen and is denoted by an arrow at the edge where the video is hidden and swiping it will bring it back onscreen.

Sidecar[edit]

Sidecar allows for an iPad to function as a second monitor for macOS and is named as such due to the setup's resemblance to articulated motorcycles. When using Sidecar, the Apple Pencil can be used to emulate a graphics tablet for applications like Photoshop.[9]

Supported devices[edit]

Supports iPads with an Apple A8 / A8X chip or later. The software drops support for devices with 1GB of RAM including iPad Air, iPad Mini 2 and iPad Mini 3. Devices supported by iPadOS include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Juli Clover (July 17, 2019). "Apple Seeds Fourth Betas of iOS 13 and iPadOS to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  2. ^ "iPadOS 13 beta 4 (17A5534f) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  3. ^ "Apple – iPad Pro – Specs". Apple. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  4. ^ "Apple – iPad mini 4 – Specs". Apple. Archived from the original on October 24, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  5. ^ "Apple – iPad Air 2 – Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "Apple – iPhone XS – Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Wuerthele, Mike (June 3, 2019). "Apple unveils iPadOS, adding features specifically to iPad". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  8. ^ Tartakoff, Joseph (June 7, 2010). "Apple Avoids iPhone-Like Trademark Battle Thanks To Cisco, FaceTime Deals". paidContent. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  9. ^ Lee, Dami (3 June 2019). "Sidecar lets you use your iPad as a second display for your Mac". The Verge. Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.

External links[edit]