|(110,000 cited 1990 census)|
Area where Ibaloi is spoken according to Ethnologue
The Ibaloi language (ësël ivadoy, /əsəl ivaˈdoj/) belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages family. It is closely related to the Pangasinan language, spoken primarily in the provinces of Pangasinan and Tarlac.
Ibaloi phonemes are similar to those found in other Philippine languages with a few exceptions. Many variants of the Ibaloi tongue have naturally occurring /f/, /dʒ/ and /v/, as in sifa (interrogative who), ibjag (to lose one's grip on something or someone, to let go) and devit (a traditional wrap-around skirt). /ʃ/ is also commonly heard in the La Trinidad valley and nearby areas, as in xima (a particle usually equivalent to the prepositions in, on, or to depending on the sentence construction), but may be occasionally heard as /tʃ/ in some communities.
- A handy guidebook to the Ibaloi language. Baguio City, Philippines: Tebtebba Foundation, 2010.
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