Illinois's at-large congressional district

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Illinois elected its United States Representative at-Large on a general ticket upon achieving statehood December 3, 1818. It last elected a US Representative in the Election of 1946. The district has been inactive since.

List of members representing the district[edit]

1818 – 1833: One seat[edit]

From statehood to 1833, Illinois had only one congressional district, and therefore it was at-large.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
JMcLean-Senator.jpg
John McLean
Democratic-Republican December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
Daniel P. Cook Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
18th
19th
Elected August 2, 1819.
Re-elected August 7, 1820.
Re-elected August 5, 1822.
Re-elected August 2, 1824.
Lost re-election.
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Governor Joseph Duncan.jpg
Joseph Duncan
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
20th
21st
22nd
Elected August 7, 1826.
Re-elected August 4, 1828.
Re-elected August 1, 1831.
Moved to 3rd district.
District inactive March 3, 1833

1863 – 1873: One seat[edit]

From 1863 to 1873 there was one at-large seat in addition to the districted seats.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
James C. Allen.jpg
James C. Allen
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1862.
Lost re-election.
Samuel W. Moulton Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864.
Retired.
John Alexander Logan crop.jpg
John A. Logan
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870, but resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
November 7, 1871
42nd
John.L.Beveridge.1.jpg
John L. Beveridge
Republican November 7, 1871 –
January 4, 1873
Elected to finish Logan's term.
Resigned to become Lieutenant Governor.
Vacant January 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1873

1893 – 1895: Two seats[edit]

From 1893 to 1895, there were two at-large seats in addition to the districted seats.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1893 –
January 12, 1895
53rd John c black-illinois-1902.png
John C. Black
Democratic Elected in 1892.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney.
Andrew J. Hunter.jpeg
Andrew J. Hunter
Democratic Elected in 1892.
Lost re-election in the 19th district.
January 12, 1895 –
March 3, 1895
Vacant

1913 – 1949: Two seats, then one[edit]

Two at-large seats were re-established March 4, 1913. From that date to January 3, 1943, there were two at-large seats, which was reduced to one seat from 1943 to 1949. Representation by districts also continued during this period. The at-large seat was abolished effective January 3, 1949.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Lawrence B. Stringer Democratic Elected in 1912.
Retired.
William E. Williams.jpg
William E. Williams
Democratic Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th BurnettMChiperfield.jpg
Burnett M. Chiperfield
Republican Elected in 1914.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th WEMason.jpg
William E. Mason
Republican Elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Died.
Joseph Medill McCormick 1912.jpg
Medill McCormick
Republican Elected in 1916.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Richard Yates Jr.jpg
Richard Yates Jr.
Republican Elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
March 3, 1921 –
June 16, 1921
67th
June 16, 1921 –
November 7, 1922
Vacant
November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
Winnifred Sprague Mason Huck, c. 1921.jpg
Winnifred Huck
Republican Elected to finish Mason's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th HenryRiggsRathbone.jpg
Henry R. Rathbone
Republican Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Died.
March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69th
March 4, 1927 –
July 15, 1928
70th
July 15, 1928 –
March 3, 1929
Vacant
March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71st Ruth Hanna McCormick.jpg
Ruth H. McCormick
Republican Elected in 1928.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd WilliamDieterich.jpg
William H. Dieterich
Democratic Elected in 1930.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd Martin A. Brennan Democratic Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Walter Nesbit Democratic Elected in 1932.[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1935 –
June 2, 1935
74th Michael L. Igoe Democratic Elected in 1934.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney
June 2, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
Vacant
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Edwin V. Champion Democratic Elected in 1936.
[Data unknown/missing.]
LewisMLong.jpg
Lewis M. Long
Democratic Elected in 1936.
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th JohnCMartin.jpg
John C. Martin
Democratic Elected in 1938.
Retired.
Thomas V. Smith Democratic Elected in 1938.
Lost re-election.
January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th Stephen A. Day Republican Elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Lost re-election.
William Stratton.jpg
William Stratton
Republican Elected in 1940.
Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th Emily Taft Douglas.jpg
Emily T. Douglas
Democratic Elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th William Stratton.jpg
William Stratton
Republican Elected again in 1946.
Retired.

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 40°N 89°W / 40°N 89°W / 40; -89