Independence Medal (Venda)

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Independence Medal
Venda Independence Medal.jpg
Awarded by the President
CountryFlag of Venda.svg Venda
TypeMilitary commemorative medal
EligibilityAll Ranks
Awarded forCommemoration of the independence of Venda
StatusDiscontinued in 1994
Statistics
Established1979
First awarded1979
Last awarded1979
VDF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
Next (lower)
VDF succession:
SANDF succession:
Ribbon - Independence Medal (Venda).png
Ribbon bar

The Independence Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1979, for award to all ranks in commemoration of the independence of Venda.[1][2]

The Venda Defence Force[edit]

The 900 member Venda Defence Force (VDF) was established upon that country's independence on 13 September 1979. The Republic of Venda ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and the Venda Defence Force was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[3][4][5]

Institution[edit]

The Independence Medal was instituted by the President of Venda in 1979.[1][6]

Award criteria[edit]

The medal was awarded to all ranks in commemoration of the independence of Venda.[1]

Order of wear[edit]

Since the Independence Medal was authorised for wear by one of the statutory forces which came to be part of the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, it was accorded a position in the official South African order of precedence on that date.[1]

Venda Defence Force until 26 April 1994

General Service Medal (Venda) Independence Medal (Venda) Long Service Medal, Gold

  • Official VDF order of precedence:
  • Venda official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Police Medal for Combating Terrorism.
    • Succeeded by the Police Establishment Medal.[1]
South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994

Independence Medal (Bophuthatswana) Independence Medal (Venda) Independence Medal (Ciskei)

The position of the Independence Medal in the official order of precedence was revised twice after 1994, to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first in April 1996 when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003, but it remained unchanged on both occasions.[1]

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Independence Medal is a medallion struck in copper, 38 millimetres in diameter, depicting an elephant's head on a shield and inscribed "13 9 1979" above, "INDEPENDENCE" to the left and "DUVHA LA VHUDILANG" to the right of the shield.[7]

Reverse

The reverse displays the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venda.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with a 5 millimetres wide brown band, a 2 millimetres wide yellow band, a 5 millimetres wide green band and a 1 millimetre wide yellow band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 6 millimetres wide blue band.[7]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Independence Medal was discontinued when the Republic of Venda ceased to exist on 27 April 1994.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  2. ^ Republic of Venda Constitution Act, no. 9 of 1979
  3. ^ South Africa Homeland Militaries, May 1996 (Accessed 1 May 2015)
  4. ^ Peled, Alon (1998), A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States, Cornell Studies in Security Affairs, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 50f, ISBN 0-8014-3239-1
  5. ^ a b Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  6. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Venda Defence Force (BDF)