Indian New Year's days

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There are numerous days throughout the year celebrated as New Year's Day in the different regions of India. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being following or the solar calendar. Those regions which follow the Solar calendar, the new year falls on Sankranti of the first month of the calendar, i.e., Vaishakha. Generally, this day falls during 14th or 15th of the month of April. Those following Lunar calendar consider the month of Chaitra (corresponding to March-April) as the first month of the year, so the new year is celebrated on the first day of this month. Similarly, few regions in India consider the period between consecutive Sankarantis as one month and few others take the period between consecutive Purnimas as a month.:]

Calendar view[edit]

Solar or Lunar calendar Date Festival name Religion / Regions (Hindu)[1]
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Ugadi Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Bighu Jharkhand
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Pratipada Uttar Pradesh
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Bikhu Uttarakhand
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Gudhi Padwa / Samsaar Padwo Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Cheiraoba[2] Manipur
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Navreh Kashmir
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Navratra Jammu
- - Navratra Rajasthan
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Cheti Chand Sindh
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Vaisakhi Punjab
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Rongali Bihu Assam
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Tamil puthandu Tamil Nadu
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Vishu Kerala
Solar fixed, August 15/16/17 First day of Chingam in Malayalam Calendar (Kollam Era) Kerala
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Bishuva Sankranti Odisha
Solar fixed, April 14/15 Poila Boishakh Bengal
Solar fixed, April 13/14/15 Jud Sheetal Mithila, part of Bihar
Lunar varies, Oct/Nov Nav Varas Gujarat
Solar varies, Aug 17,18,19[3] Nowruz Parsis
Solar Fixed, March 21 Nowruz[4][note 1] Zoroastrians


  • In Gujarat, the next day of Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.[6]
  • Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. New year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".[5]


  1. ^ Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
  3. ^ "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". News World India. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  4. ^ Jaisinghani, Bella (19 March 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  5. ^ Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.
  6. ^ "Gujarat CM to exchange Diwali-New Year greetings with people". 19 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.

External links[edit]