Indian New Year's days
There are numerous days throughout the year celebrated as New Year's Day in the different regions of India. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being following or the solar calendar. Those regions which follow the Solar calendar, the new year falls on Sankranti of the first month of the calendar, i.e., Vaishakha. Generally, this day falls during 14th or 15th of the month of April. Those following Lunar calendar consider the month of Chaitra (corresponding to March-April) as the first month of the year, so the new year is celebrated on the first day of this month. Similarly, few regions in India consider the period between consecutive Sankarantis as one month and few others take the period between consecutive Purnimas as a month.:]
|Solar or Lunar calendar||Date||Festival name||Religion / Regions (Hindu)|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Ugadi||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Pratipada||Uttar Pradesh|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Gudhi Padwa / Samsaar Padwo||Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Cheti Chand||Sindh|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vaisakhi||Punjab|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Rongali Bihu||Assam|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Tamil puthandu||Tamil Nadu|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vishu||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, August 15/16/17||First day of Chingam in Malayalam Calendar (Kollam Era)||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Bishuva Sankranti||Odisha|
|Solar||fixed, April 14/15||Poila Boishakh||Bengal|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Jud Sheetal||Mithila, part of Bihar|
|Lunar||varies, Oct/Nov||Nav Varas||Gujarat|
|Solar||varies, Aug 17,18,19||Nowruz||Parsis|
|Solar||Fixed, March 21||Nowruz[note 1]||Zoroastrians|
- In Gujarat, the next day of Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.
- Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. New year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha.
- Nyepi, new year in Balinese Hinduism
- Hindu units of time
- Hindu calendar
- Indian national calendar
- Diwali in Gujarat
- Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".
- Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
- Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
- "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". newsworldindia.in. News World India. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Jaisinghani, Bella (19 March 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.
- "Gujarat CM to exchange Diwali-New Year greetings with people". 19 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.