Indian foreign aid

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Indian foreign aid is the aid given by the Indian government to other governments. India's major quantum of foreign aid is given to neighboring countries.

An American social enterprise, Devex reported in 2013 that India has spent USD 1 billion on foreign aid in 2012-13. Since 2009, the foreign aid had increased around 3.2 times annually.[1] In 2017, the government declared that India had been a net donor in 2015-16.[2]


Year Amount
USD (in million)
2009-10 442 Devex[3]
2010-11 563 Devex[3]
2011-12 646 Devex[3]
2012-13 1,020 Devex[3]


India has funded various infrastructure projects in different countries.

In Afghanistan, the Salma Dam (now called Afghan-India Friendship Dam) started construction in 1976 but was halted due to political instability. The project resumed work in 2014 and the dam was inaugurated in 2016. India's funds for the dam were nearly USD 290-300 million.[4][5]

India has funded various hydro-electric power plants in Nepal like Pardi, Trishuli and Devighat. As of 2014, under foreign direct investment, India plans to fund two hydel projects of Upper Karnali and Arun III.[6][7][8]

Other assistance[edit]

Apart from financial aids, India has also provided helps in terms of manpower and other supplies to needy disaster struck countries. Post Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Indian Air Force aircraft provided 25 tonnes of relief supplies at the Little Rock Air Force Base in Arkansas. It extended similar support post the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China.[9]


  1. ^ Troilo, Pete (25 November 2013). "Despite tempered outlook, BRIC countries stay the course on foreign aid". Devex. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  2. ^ Sharma, Ritu (22 March 2017). "Emerging power India gives more aid than it receives". Indian Express. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Piccio, Lorenzo (10 May 2013). "India's foreign aid program catches up with its global ambitions". Devex. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  4. ^ Mehdi, Syed Zafar (7 June 2016). "India Wins Hearts In Afghanistan With The 'Friendship Dam'". Huffington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  5. ^ Ramachandran, Sudha (20 August 2018). "India's Controversial Afghanistan Dams". The Diplomat. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  6. ^ Gangol, Pradeep (January 2014). "Foreign Direct Investment in Nepal's Hydropower Development". Hydro Nepal. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Agreement regarding Hydro-electric Trisuli Hydro-electric Power Project". Ministry of External Affairs (India). 20 November 1958. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  8. ^ Adhikari, Deepak (14 May 2018). "India, Nepal inaugurate India-backed hydropower plant". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  9. ^ Bagchi, Indrani (23 August 2018). "Why it's perfectly justified for India to refuse foreign aid for Kerala". Economic Times. Retrieved 14 May 2019.