Intel 80188

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Intel 80188
KL Intel R80C188XL CLCC.jpg
An Intel R80C188XL20, an LCC variant of the 80188 processor. It has a ceramic heat spreader and gold plated contacts on the bottom.
ProducedFrom 1982 to September 2007[1]
Common manufacturer(s)
Max. CPU clock rate6 MHz to 25 MHz
Min. feature size3 µm[3]
Instruction setx86-16
Transistors55,000
Data width8 Bit
Address width20 Bit
Socket(s)
PredecessorIntel 8088
SuccessorIntel 80386 (The 80286 was also introduced in early 1982, and thus contemporary with the 80186)
Co-processorIntel 80187
Package(s)
VariantThe Intel 80188 is a variant of the Intel 80186.

The Intel 80188 microprocessor was a variant of the Intel 80186. The 80188 had an 8-bit external data bus instead of the 16-bit bus of the 80186; this made it less expensive to connect to peripherals. The 16-bit registers and the one megabyte address range were unchanged, however. It had a throughput of 1 million instructions per second.[4]

Description[edit]

Features and performance[edit]

The 80188 series was generally intended for embedded systems, as microcontrollers with external memory. Therefore, to reduce the number of chips required, it included features such as clock generator, interrupt controller, timers, wait state generator, DMA channels, and external chip select lines. While the N80188 was compatible with the 8087 numerics co-processor, the 80C188 was not. It didn't have the ESC control codes integrated.

The initial clock rate of the 80188 was 6 MHz, but due to more hardware available for the microcode to use, especially for address calculation, many individual instructions ran faster than on an 8086 at the same clock frequency. For instance, the common register+immediate[a] addressing mode was significantly faster than on the 8086, especially when a memory location was both (one of the) operand(s) and the destination. Multiply and divide also showed great improvement, being several times as fast as on the original 8086 and multi-bit shifts were done almost four times as quickly as in the 8086.

End of life[edit]

Along with hundreds of other processor models, Intel discontinued the 80188 processor 30 March 2006, after a life of about 24 years.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In fact, all variants, including reg+reg and reg+reg+immediate were faster.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1].
  2. ^ [2].
  3. ^ WikiChip
  4. ^ Pacheco, Alberto (2001-10-12). "1.3 La familia de microprocesadores de Intel" [Intel Processors: MCS-4, MCS-8, MCS-85, x86: IA-16, IA-32, IA-64.]. CB-00-852/01. Lenguaje Ensamblador (in English and Spanish). Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua. Archived from the original on April 24, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  5. ^ "Product Change Notification 106013 - 01" (PDF). Intel. May 2, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 9, 2006.

External links[edit]