Intelsat 26

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JCSAT-4 → JCSAT-R → Intelsat 26
NamesJCSAT-4 (Dec 1995 to Feb 1997)
JCSAT-R (Feb 1997 to Late 2009)
Intelsat 26 (Late 2009 onward)
Mission typeCommunication
OperatorIntelsat
COSPAR ID1997-007A[1]
SATCAT no.24732[2]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftJCSAT-4
BusHS-601
ManufacturerHughes
Launch mass3,105 kg (6,845 lb)
Dry mass1,841 kg (4,059 lb)
Dimensions26.2 m × 7.5 m (86 ft × 25 ft) with solar panels and antennas deployed.
Power5 kW
Start of mission
Launch date01:42:00, February 17, 1997 (UTC) (1997-02-17T01:42:00Z)[3]
RocketAtlas IIAS
Launch siteCape Canaveral LC-36B
ContractorInternational Launch Services
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeInclined geosynchronous
Longitude64.2106°E
Eccentricity0.0492
Perigee altitude35,767.40 kilometres (22,224.83 mi)
Apogee altitude35,805.57 kilometres (22,248.55 mi)
Inclination6.9714°
Period23:56:07.2 hours
Epoch00:00:00 2016-08-11[4]
Transponders
BandKu band: 12 × 36 Mhz + 16 × 27 Mhz
C band: 12 x 36 MHz
Bandwidth1,296 MHz
TWTA powerKu band:
4 × 36 Mhz: 95 Watts
8 × 36 Mhz: 63 Watts
16 × 27 Mhz: 63Watts
C band:
12 x 36 MHz: 34 Watts
← JCSAT-3
 

Intelsat 26 was known as JCSAT-5 before launch and as JCSAT-R until it was sold to Intelsat in 2009. It is a geostationary communications satellite designed and manufactured by Hughes (now Boeing) on the HS-601 platform. It was originally ordered by JSAT Corporation, which later merged into the SKY Perfect JSAT Group. It has a mixed Ku band and C band payload and was used as an on orbit spare.[5][2]

Satellite description[edit]

The spacecraft was designed and manufactured by Hughes on the HS-601 satellite bus. It had a launch mass of 3,105 kg (6,845 lb), a dry mass of 1,841 kg (4,059 lb) and a 12-year design life. When stowed for launch, its dimensions were 2.8 m × 4.9 m × 3.8 m (9 ft 2 in × 16 ft 1 in × 12 ft 6 in). With its solar panels fully extended it spanned 26.2 m (86 ft), and its width when its antennas were fully deployed was 7.5 m (25 ft).[5] Its power system generated approximately 5 kW of power due to two wings with four solar panels each.[6][5] It also had a single NiH2 battery composed of 30 cells and a 200Ah charge.[5] It would serve as on orbit backup for the JSAT fleet.[5]

Its propulsion system was composed of an R-4D-11-300 LAE with a thrust of 490 N (110 lbf). It also used had 12 22 N (4.9 lbf) bipropellant thrusters for station keeping and attitude control. It included enough propellant for orbit circularization and 12 years of operation.[5]

Its payload is composed of four octagonal antenna fed by twelve 36 MHz and sixteen 27 MHz Ku band plus twelve 27 MHz C band transponders for a total bandwidth of 1,296 MHz.[6][5] Eight of the 36 MHz and the sixteen 27 MHz Ku band transponders have a TWTA output power of 63 Watts, the other four 36 MHz ones have 95 Watts. It can configure four 27 MHz transponders into a single 54 MHz with an effective 125 Watts.[5] The twelve C band transponders have 36 MHz bandwidth and 34 Watts of power.[5]

History[edit]

On December 1995, JSAT ordered its fourth satellite from Hughes, and second of the HS-601 platform, the JCSAT-4. It was an almost copy of the JCSAT-3, also based on the HS-601, but with more powerful transponders. It would have a mixed Ku band and C band payload, a power generation capability of 5,000 Watts and a 12 year of design life. It was expected to be delivered by early 1997 and be positioned at the 124°East longitude. It would provide telecommunications and television services to Japan, all of Asia, Hawaii and Australia and New Zealand.[5][7]

On March 25, 1996, International Launch Services announced a contract with JSAT for the launch of JCSAT-4 aboard an Atlas IIAS. At the time it was expected to launch on January 1997 from Cape Canaveral LC-36A launch pad. This was the second contract of ILS with JSAT after the successful launch of JCSAT-3 on August 1995.[8]

On February 18, 1997 at 01:42:00 UTC, and Atlas IIAS launched from Cape Canaveral LC-36B with JCSAT-4 towards a geosynchronous transfer orbit.[9] After the successful launch, it was renamed JCSAT-R. During its tenure as JCSAT-R it operated on the 124°East longitude.[5] On August, 2008, JSAT was merged into the SKY Perfect JSAT Group.[10]

In late 2009 Intelsat bought JCSAT-R and rechristened it Intelsat 26.[11][5] On March 2010, Intelsat announced an agreement with Türksat for loaning Intelsat 26 so the latter could keep its orbital rights until a new satellite could be launched.[11]

On July 2010 it was positioned at the 50°East longitude with a 3.4° inclination.[12] By January 2013 the inclination had increased to 4.6°.[13] On August 2016, the satellite was positioned at 64.1°East with a 6.97° inclination.[14][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JCSAT 4". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
  2. ^ a b "Intelsat 26". Satbeams. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. ^ "JCSAT 4". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
  4. ^ a b "Detailed satellite data for INTELSAT 26 (IS-26) 64.1°E". satellite-calculations.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-21). "JCSat 3, 4 (JCSat R) → Intelsat 26". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  6. ^ a b "Hughes Built JCSAT-4 To Boost Services In Pacific Rim". warunasat.com. Hughes. February 14, 1997. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  7. ^ "JSAT Orders New Communications Satellite From Hughes". warunasat.com. Hughes. February 2, 1996. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  8. ^ "Japan Satellite Systems, Inc. Selects Atlas For Launch Of JCSAT 4". warunasat.com. ILS. March 25, 1996. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  9. ^ "Atlas Successfully Launches Japanese Comm Satellite". warunasat.com. ILS. February 16, 1997. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  10. ^ "Notice of Merger of Consolidated Subsidiaries" (PDF). SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation & Intelsat. August 6, 2008. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  11. ^ a b de Selding, Peter B. (March 18, 2010). "Turksat To Use Borrowed Intelsat Craft as Placeholder". Space News. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  12. ^ "Intelsat 26 (50.0E)". warunasat.com. July 21, 2010. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  13. ^ "Intelsat 26 (50.0E)". warunasat.com. January 27, 2013. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  14. ^ "INTELSAT 26 (JCSAT 4)". n2yo.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.