Isaac S. Pennybacker
Isaac Samuels Pennybacker
|United States Senator|
December 3, 1845 – January 12, 1847
|Preceded by||William C. Rives|
|Succeeded by||James M. Mason|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia|
February 17, 1840 – December 6, 1845
|Appointed by||Martin Van Buren|
|Preceded by||Alexander Caldwell|
|Succeeded by||John White Brockenbrough|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Virginia's 16th district
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
|Preceded by||James M. H. Beale|
|Succeeded by||Green B. Samuels|
|Born||September 3, 1805|
New Market, Virginia
|Died||January 12, 1847 (aged 41)|
|Alma mater||Washington College|
|Profession||Lawyer, judge, politician|
Early life and education
Pennybacker was born at Pine Forge, near New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia on September 3, 1805. His parents were Benjamin D. Pennybacker (1760–1820) and Sarah Margaret Samuels (1768–1825). He married Sarah Ann Dyer in 1832.
He attended Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) and the Winchester Law School, run by Henry St. George Tucker, Sr.. He was then in private practice in Harrisonburg, Virginia until 1837.
Political and judicial career
He was offered by President Martin Van Buren the office of Attorney General, but declined. Similarly, he declined a position as justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia, and would not accept the nomination of the Democratic party for Governor of Virginia.
On April 23, 1839, Pennybacker received a recess appointment from Van Buren to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia following the death of Alexander Caldwell. Formally nominated on January 29, 1840, Pennybacker was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1840, and received his commission the same day.
He resigned from his judgeship on December 6, 1845, and then served as United States Senator from Virginia from 1845-1847. James K. Polk named Pennybacker to the very first Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, a group which included Vice-President George M. Dallas, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, D.C. Mayor William W. Seaton, Senator Sidney Breese, Rep. William J. Hough, Rep. Robert Dale Owen, Rep. Henry W. Hilliard, Rufus Choate, Richard Rush, Dr. Benjamin Rush, William C. Preston, Alexander Dallas Bache, and Joseph G. Totten, among others, who met for the first time in September 1846.
As judge, Pennybacker was succeeded by John White Brockenbrough. As Senator, he succeeded William Cabell Rives, whose brother Alexander Rives later served like Pennybacker as judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia. Pennybacker died at the age of 41 in Washington, D.C.. His Senate seat was filled by James Murray Mason.
Notes and references
- "Some Reflections on the Board of Regents' First Meeting, on September 7, 1846". Center for Museum Studies, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved October 2, 2007.
- "Isaac Samuels Pennybacker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Isaac Samuels Pennybacker at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Hon. Armistead M. Dobie, "Federal District Judges in Virginia before the Civil War," 12 F.R.D. 451 (1951,1952) (viewed on Westlaw)
|U.S. House of Representatives|
James M. H. Beale
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 16th congressional district
March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1839
Green B. Samules
| Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia
John White Brockenbrough
William C. Rives
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
December 3, 1845 – January 12, 1847
Served alongside: William S. Archer
James M. Mason