Israa Abdel Fattah

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Esraa Abdel Fattah (Egyptian Arabic: إسراء عبد الفتاح‎, IPA: [ʔesˈɾˤɑːʔ ʕæbdelfætˈtæːħ, ˈʔesɾˤɑ-]; also called Facebook Girl);[1][2] born 1978[3][4] is an Egyptian internet activist and blogger.

Esraa worked as a human resources administrator,[1] when she co-founded April 6 Youth Movement Egypt in 2008, a group that was made to support the workers in El-Mahalla El-Kubra, an industrial town, who were planning to strike on April 6. This group gradually became a popular political movement.[1]


She was arrested by Egyptian security in 2008. She drew the attention of few Egyptian newspapers challenging by this the state's censorship policy, turning her into an overnight symbol for resistance and resilience against corruption and injustice.

After two weeks in prison she was released. She made a brief public statement renouncing political activism for good.[5]

2011 Egyptian protest[edit]

Esraa Abdel Fattah reappeared again during the January 2011 nationwide protests in Egypt, that called for the end of Hosni Mubarak's regime. She was active on the internet, and also on the ground, updating Al Jazeera TV with the latest news related to the opposition.


Israa (or Esraa) Abdel Fattah vlogging

When the state security buildings were attacked in early March, 2011, in the wake of signs of files there being destroyed, a file for Isra’a was found which contained ten pages of documents detailing three years of wiretaps and hacked e-mail, including some focused on her divorce.[2] "The feeling of violation was indescribable," she said.[6]

Her name was put forward for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.[7]

On October 31, 2011, she was named a Woman of the Year by "Glamour"[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Noam Cohen: In Egypt, Wikipedia is more than hobby. The New York Times, July 21, 2008. Retrieved January 31, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Liam Stack, Neil MacFarquhar (Amr Emam contributed reporting): Egyptians Get View of Extent of Spying. The New York Times, March 9, 2011, p. A10 NY ed. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  3. ^ MSN news Arabic. "وائل غنيم وإسراء عبدالفتاح و"حركة شباب 6 أبريل" مرشحو "نوبل للسلام"". Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. ^ "رشيح اسراء عبد الفتاح و6 ابريل ووائل غنيم لجائزة نوبل للسلام". Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Israa Abdel Fattah". Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  6. ^ Allam, Hannah and Mohannad Sabry (7 March 2011). "Egypt faces new turmoil: Looted state security files". McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize may recognise Arab Spring". Reuters. 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
  8. ^ Robbins, Sarah J. (2011-10-31). "Esraa Abdel Fattah, "Facebook Girl": The World-Changer: Inspired". Retrieved 2012-05-30.