Iza, Boyacá

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Iza
Municipality and town
Church of Iza
Church of Iza
Location of the municipality and town of Iza in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Iza in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Country Colombia
DepartmentBoyacá Department
ProvinceSugamuxi Province
Founded2 January 1556
Government
 • MayorDiego López
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town34 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation
2,560 m (8,400 ft)
Population
 • Municipality and town2,349
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,026
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
WebsiteOfficial website

Iza is a town and municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia. Iza is located near the Tota Lake and part of the Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of Boyacá. Iza is located in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at a distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Sogamoso and 90 kilometres (56 mi) from the department capital Tunja. The municipality borders Firavitoba and Sogamoso in the north, Sogamoso and Cuítiva in the east, in the west Pesca and Firavitoba, and in the south Cuítiva.

History[edit]

Before the Spanish conquest, the area of Iza was inhabited first by indigenous groups during the Herrera Period and later by the Muisca, organized in the Muisca Confederation. Iza was ruled by the iraca of Sugamuxi, modern neighbouring Sogamoso. According to Muisca mythology, the messenger god Bochica is said to have lived outside Iza in a cave.

In the Chibcha language of the Muisca za means "night", and Iza means "place of healing".[1]

Modern Iza was founded on January 2, 1554. The town is nicknamed Nido Verde de Boyacá; "Green Nest of Boyacá".

Economy[edit]

Main economical activities of Iza are mining (coal and pozzolan) and agriculture.

Born in Iza[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Etymology Iza - accessed 06-05-2016

Coordinates: 5°36′N 72°59′W / 5.600°N 72.983°W / 5.600; -72.983