Józef Czyrek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Józef Czyrek
Jozef Czyrek PZPR.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1980–1982
Preceded byEmil Wojtaszek
Succeeded byStefan Olszowski
Personal details
Born(1928-07-20)20 July 1928
Białobrzegi, Lwów Voivodeship, Poland
Died3 June 2013(2013-06-03) (aged 84)
Warsaw, Poland
NationalityPolish
Political partyPolish United Workers' Party
Alma materJagiellonian University

Józef Czyrek (20 July 1928 – 3 June 2013) was a Polish politician who served as the minister of foreign affairs of the People's Republic of Poland from 1980 to 1982.

Early life and education[edit]

Czyrek was born in Białobrzegi, in the Lwów Voivodeship of Poland, in 1928.[1] He graduated with a bachelor's degree in economics from Jagiellonian University in 1950.[1]

Career[edit]

Czyrek began his career as a researcher at Jagiellonian University and the University of Economics in Krakow.[1] In 1952 he joined the ministry of foreign affairs.[1] He was a member of the Politburo of the Polish United Workers' party to which he joined in 1955.[1][2] He served as the counsel in Belgrade (1962 - 1968) and deputy director as well as director of studies and programming department at the ministry of foreign affairs (1969 - 1971).[1]

He was the deputy minister of foreign affairs until August 1980.[3][4] He served as the minister of foreign affairs from August 1980 to 1982, replacing Emil Wojtaszek in the post.[5] In 1981 he was named as the member of the party's secretariat.[6] In December 1982, he was appointed vice-president of the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth (PRON).[1] Czyrek also acted as top aide to the then Polish president and general secretary of the communist party Wojciech Jaruzelski.[7] Czyrek participated in round table talks between the ruling party and opposition figures that lasted from 6 February to 4 April 1989.[8]

His term as top aide ended on 30 July 1989 when Jaruzelski resigned from the leadership of the communist party.[9] Czyrek also resigned from the communist party's central committee on that date.[10][11]

Death[edit]

Czyrek died on 3 June 2013.[5][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Józef Czyrek". dzieje. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  2. ^ Svetlana Savranskaya; Thomas S. Blanton; Vladislav Martinovich Zubok (2010). Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Eastern Europe, 1989. Central European University Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-963-9776-77-7. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  3. ^ "Protocol (1974)". Concordat Watch. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Polish premier ousted". Toledo Blade. Warsaw. Reuters. 25 August 1980. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b "June 2013". Rulers. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  6. ^ Kramer, Mark. "Soviet deliberations during the Polish crisis, 1980 - 1981" (PDF). Cold War International History Project. Special Working Papers (1): 150. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  7. ^ Geyer, G. Anne (18 November 1989). "A nation in waiting". The Victoria Advocate. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  8. ^ Kennedy, Michael D. (2002). "Negotiating revolution in Poland" (PDF). NCEEER. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  9. ^ Tagliabue, John (30 July 1989). "Jarzelski quits as party leader; Premier gets post". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  10. ^ Butturini, Paula (30 July 1989). "Solidarity Foe Is New Polish Party Chief". Chicago Tribune. Warsaw. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Polish communists pick Hard-liner to lead party". Deseret News. 30 July 1989. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Józef Czyrek". Gazeta. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.