|Locale||Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir|
|Track length||222 km (138 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|
|Operating speed||up to 130 km/hr (Jalandhar–Pathankot section)|
|Highest elevation||Jalandhar Cantonment 239 m (784 ft), Pathankot Cantonment 328 m (1,076 ft), Jammu Tawi 337 m (1,106 ft)|
Source: Google maps
The Jalandhar–Jammu line is a railway line connecting Jalandhar Cantonment and Jalandhar City in the Indian state of Punjab with Jammu Tawi in Jammu & Kashmir. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.
The line from Jalandhar City to Mukerian was constructed in 1915. The Mukerian–Pathankot line was built in 1952. The construction of the Pathankot–Jammu Tawi line was initiated in 1965, after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and opened in 1971.
The Ambala Cantonment–Ludhiana–Jalandhar cantonment–Jalandhar city is classified as a "Group B" line and can take speeds up to 130 km/ h.
Jammu has a trip shed for visiting locos where WDS-4 locos belonging to Shakurbasti shed are retained for long periods. Pathankot Cantonment (Chakki Bank) had a steam shed which has now been decommissioned.
Sind Railway (later reorganised as Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway) was formed a guaranteed railway in 1856. It constructed broad gauge railways from Delhi to Multan via Lahore, and from Karachi to Kotri. Multan and Kotri were connected by ferry service on the Indus River. In 1871-72, Indus Valley Railway was formed to connect Multan and Kotri. At the same time, Punjab Northern State Railway started constructing from Lahore towards Peshawar. In 1886, Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway was acquired by the state and amalgamated with Indus Valley Railway and Punjab Northern State Railway to form North-Western State Railway.
With the partition of India in 1947, North Western Railway was split. While the western portion became Pakistan West Railway, and later Pakistan Railways, the eastern part became Eastern Punjab Railway. In 1952, Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.
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