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|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|• खासदार(MP)||Unmesh Bhaiyyasaheb Patil|
|• आमदार(MLA)||Suresh Damu Bhole|
|• महापौर(Mayor)||Seema Suresh Bhole|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Uday Tekale|
|• Total||95 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|• Density||4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 19|
Jalgaon (pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarter of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is nicknamed "Banana city" as the region contributes approximately two third of Maharashtra's banana production.
Jalgaon was divided in 1911, with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Transport
- 4 Industry
- 5 Education
- 6 Notable people
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Climate
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Khandesh region, which covers Jalgaon and goes up to the Deccan region, was controlled by the Faruqi dynasty from the 1300s to 1600s. Before the rule of the Faruqi dynasty, it is believed that much of Jalgaon district was ruled. Khandavesh was later governed by several leaders and dynasties including the Satavahanas, Virsen, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, and the Yawan dynasty, before Alaud-din-Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the region. The Marathas then ruled much of the region, and Sardar Tulajirao Bhoite, a Maratha leader, established the town. The Holkars next took control of the region before being they got into a battle with the British. Khandesh was later divided into two - East Khandesh, which is the region of modern-day Jalgaon, and West Khandesh. After Independence, East Khandesh became a part of the state of Bombay and later in 1960; Jalgaon was reorganised to become a district.
According to the 2018 Indian census, the city of Jalgaon had a population of 798514, with an average literacy rate of 87.28%. With male literacy being 80%, with female literacy being 71%.
Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department. The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007. The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009. The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.
The Jalgaon district contributes 16 percent of India's banana production, as well as 66 percent of the total banana cultivation in Maharashtra.
The city is served by Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the region to New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. The area also has an airport, which was inaugurated in 2012 by Indian President Pratibha Patil.
There are various types of industries located in Jalgaon city.
- 1. Jain Irrigation Systems.
- 2. Supreme Industries.
- 3. Raymond Ltd
- 4. Chassis Brakes International
- 5. Marico
- 6. Benzo Chem Ind Pvt Ltd
- 7. Khandesh Extraction Ltd.
- 8. Tulsi Extractions Ltd.
- 9. Datta Agro Services Pvt.Ltd.
- 10. Paradise Polymers Ltd
- 11. Spectrum Polytech Pvt Ltd.
- 12. S.K oil Inds Pvt Ltd.
- 13. Nilons pvt Ltd.
Kavayatri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management.
Educational facilities include:
Under/Post Graduate Colleges
- Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon
- Nutan Maratha College, Jalgaon
- Dhanaji Nana Chaudhari Vidya Prabodhan's Shirish Madhukarrao Chaudhari College
- Dr. Annasaheb G.D Bendale Mahila Mahavidyalaya College
- Adv. Sitaram Babanbhau Anandramji Baheti Arts and Commerce College, Jalgaon
- G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management
- Shram Sadhana Trust College of Engineering
- Shri Gulabrao Devkar Engineering college, Jalgaon
- Shree Sant Muktabai Institute of Technology (SMIT), Jalgaon
- Institute of Management & Research (IMR) College, Jalgaon]
- KCES's S.S. Maniyar Law College, Jalgaon
- Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon.
- Government medical college, Jalgaon
- Bahinabai Chaudhari (1880–1951), a farmer whose poetry, published posthumously, helped popularize the Ahirani dialect
- Bhavarlal Jain (1937–2016), an entrepreneur who founded Jain Irrigation Systems
- Eknath Khadse (1952–present), a politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party
- Girish Mahajan (1960–present), a politician and cabinet minister in Maharashtra
- Gulab Raghunath Patil (1966- present) Senior Leader of Shiv Sena and Minister in Maharashtra
- Namdeo Dhondo Mahanor (1942–present), a Marathi poet and recipient of the Padma Shri award
- Ujjwal Nikam, a public prosecutor who has worked on high-profile murder and terrorism cases.
- Pratibha Patil (1934–present), a former president of India (2007–12) and governor of Rajasthan (2004–07)
- Vivek Patil, a politician of the Peasants and Workers Party of India
- Balkavi Thombre (1890–1918), a Marathi poet.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
|Climate data for Jalgaon City.|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.4
|Average low °C (°F)||12.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.9
|Source: Jalgaon Weather|
- "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771. .
- "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
- "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "Business and Economical of Jalgaon, Industries in Jalgaon". www.jalgaononline.in. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "KBC North Maharashtra University".