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Jewel Franklin Guy
July 26, 1926
Powderly, Kentucky, United States
|Died||April 6, 2015 (aged 88)|
Hickory, North Carolina, United States
|Occupation||Film, television, voice actor, artist, acting coach, college professor, singer-songwriter|
|Television||The Dukes of Hazzard|
|Spouse(s)||Not named (m. 19??; div. 19??)|
(m. 1959; div. 1977)
Dorothy Collier (m. 1986)
|Relatives||Don and Phil Everly (cousins)|
Michael Damian (son-in-law)
Jewel Franklin Guy (July 26, 1926 – April 6, 2015), known professionally as James Best, was an American television, film, stage, and voice actor, as well as a writer, director, acting coach, artist, college professor, and musician. During a career that spanned more than 60 years, he performed not only in feature films but also in scores of television series, as well as appearing on various country music programs and talk shows. Television audiences, however, perhaps most closely associate Best with his role as the bumbling Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane in the action-comedy series The Dukes of Hazzard, which originally aired on CBS between 1979 and 1985. He reprised the role in 1997 and 2000 for the made-for-television movies The Dukes of Hazzard: Reunion! and The Dukes of Hazzard: Hazzard in Hollywood (2000).
Best was born on July 26, 1926, in Powderly, Kentucky, to Lark and Lena Guy. His mother was the sister of Ike Everly, the father of the pop duo The Everly Brothers. After his mother died of tuberculosis in 1929, then three-year-old James was sent to live in an orphanage. He was later adopted by Armen Best (1897–1984) and his wife, Essa Myrtle (née Knowland; 1896–1988) and went to live with them in Corydon, Indiana.
He served honorably in the United States Army in World War II, training in 1944 in Biloxi, Mississippi, as a gunner on a B-17 bomber; but by the time he completed his training the war had almost ended, so he was assigned to the army's law-enforcement section. In the military police, as an "MP", Best served in war-torn Germany immediately after the Nazi government's surrender in May 1945. While stationed in Germany, Best soon transferred from the military police to an army unit of actors, who traveled around Europe performing plays for troops. Those experiences formed the beginning of his acting career.
Destined to become one of the busiest performers in Hollywood, Best began his contract career in 1949 at Universal Studios, where he met fellow actors Julie Adams, Piper Laurie, Tony Curtis, and Rock Hudson. Initially, he performed in several uncredited roles for Universal, such as in the 1950 film One Way Street; but credited performances soon followed that same year in the Westerns Comanche Territory, Winchester '73, and Kansas Raiders. Work in that genre continued to be an important part of his ongoing film career, including roles in The Cimarron Kid (1952), Seven Angry Men (1955) in which he portrays one of the sons of abolitionist John Brown, Last of the Badmen (1957), Cole Younger Gunfighter (1958), Ride Lonesome (1959), The Quick Gun (1964), and Firecreek (1968). Yet, Best's film roles are not limited to Westerns. He, for example, also stars in the 1959 science fiction cult movie The Killer Shrews and in its 2012 sequel Return of the Killer Shrews. In the 1958 film adaptation of Norman Mailer's The Naked and the Dead, he plays Private Ridges, as well as the characters Dr. Ben Mizer in the 1966 comedy Three on a Couch and the cross-dressing Dewey Barksdale in the 1976 drama Ode to Billy Joe.
Best guest-starred more than 280 times in various television series. In 1954, he played the outlaw Dave Ridley, opposite Gloria Winters as the female bandit "Little Britches" in an episode of Stories of the Century. In 1954, Best appeared twice on the syndicated Annie Oakley series, starring Gail Davis and Brad Johnson. He was cast in the religion anthology series Crossroads, in its 1956 episode "The White Carnation." He was also cast on an episode of Jackie Cooper's early NBC sitcom The People's Choice and in the David Janssen crime drama Richard Diamond, Private Detective.
Best made four appearances on the syndicated anthology series, Death Valley Days. His first role was as miner "Tiny" Stoker in the 1955 episode, "Million Dollar Wedding". In the story line, Stoker, in a bet with two of his cohorts, proposes marriage to a presumably plain woman in their community, Aggie Filene (played by Virginia Lee, an actress who lived from 1924 to 2008). Soon, though, the couple falls madly in love with each other and go on a world-wide honeymoon tour with proceeds from a gold strike that they had nearly forfeited. And Aggie returns to the mining camp as a beautiful woman.
In 1960, Best appeared in the episode "Love on Credit" of CBS's anthology series, The DuPont Show with June Allyson. The same year, he guest-starred on The Andy Griffith Show as "The Guitar Player" (Season 1, Episode 3 and 31). He starred in three episodes of The Twilight Zone including "The Grave" (Season 3, Episode 7), "The Last Rites of Jeff Myrtlebank," (Season 3, Episode 23) and "Jess-Belle" (Season 4, Episode 7). In 1963, he was cast as the courageous Wisconsin game warden, Ernie Swift, in the episode "Open Season" of another CBS anthology series, GE True, hosted by Jack Webb. In the storyline, Swift faces the reprisal of organized crime after he tickets gangster Frank MacErlane (David McLean) for illegal fishing.
In 1962, he played the part of Art Fuller in the episode "Incident of El Toro" on CBS's Rawhide; and in 1963, he returned to play Willie Cain in the episode "Incident at Spider Rock." Best made two guest appearances on Perry Mason. In 1963 he played title character Martin Potter in "The Case of the Surplus Suitor," and in 1966 he played defendant and oilman Allan Winford in "The Case of the Unwelcome Well." He appeared on a long list of other television series in the 1950s and 1960s, including Wagon Train (three times), Laramie (three times), The Adventures of Kit Carson (twice as Henry Jordan), the western anthology series Frontier (twice), The Rebel, Bonanza, Sheriff of Cochise, Pony Express, Rescue 8, Behind Closed Doors, The Texan, Gunsmoke, Have Gun – Will Travel, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Tombstone Territory, Whispering Smith, Trackdown, The Rifleman, Cheyenne, Stagecoach West, Wanted: Dead or Alive, Overland Trail, Bat Masterson, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Man and the Challenge, Combat!, The Green Hornet ("Deadline For Death"), The Mod Squad, I Spy, and The Fugitive
The Dukes of Hazzard
Best played Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane on CBS's The Dukes of Hazzard from the debut of the program in 1979 until the end of the series in 1985. That role was Best's most visible success. He later revealed that the caricature-like persona of Sheriff Coltrane was developed from a voice he used when playing with his young children. On set, Best was particularly close to Sorrell Booke, who played the character of Boss Hogg, who was both the boss and the brother-in-law of Rosco. The two actors became close friends; and according to interviews by the series' creators, the two would often improvise their scenes together, making up their own dialogue as they went along. Until his death, he also remained close to Catherine Bach, who played the character of Daisy Duke; and long after the show's cancellation, she was a regular visitor to the website dedicated to Best's painting.
Later television career
In 1991, in contrast to the comical Rosco Coltrane of The Dukes of Hazzard, Best appeared in an episode of the NBC crime drama In the Heat of the Night. He won the Crystal Reel Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Nathan Bedford in the episode "Sweet, Sweet Blues," directed by Vincent McEveety and written by William James Royce. Best plays a retired sheriff and repentant killer who has to come to terms with being involved in the death of now Sparta police officer Sweet's grandfather.
Artist, teacher, writer, and other activities
Best later moved to Florida and taught at the University of Central Florida (Orlando). After semi-retiring, he administered a production company and accepted occasional acting roles. He also developed a reputation as an artist for his paintings of landscapes, scenes from The Dukes of Hazzards, and other subjects. Later, after residing for awhile in Lake Murray, South Carolina, he moved once again, this time to Hickory, North Carolina.
An acting coach too, Best taught drama and acting techniques for more than 25 years in Los Angeles. He also served as artist-in-residence and taught drama at the University of Mississippi (Oxford) for two years prior to his stint on The Dukes of Hazzard.
In 2009, he completed his autobiography Best In Hollywood: The Good, The Bad and The Beautiful. The book, published in 2009 through BearManor Media, premiered at the Mid Atlantic Nostalgia Convention in Aberdeen, Maryland.
On November 9, 2014, Best and fellow actor Robert Fuller (along with their wives) attended the 100th birthday celebration of lifelong friend and fellow actor Norman Lloyd. Best said, "I had the honor to have been directed by Norman in a Hitchcock episode called "The Jar." Having worked with hundreds of directors in my career, I found very few that had Norman's qualities. He was most kind, gracious and patient with his actors. He is in all respects a complete gentleman in his personal life and I found it a genuine pleasure just to be in the presence of such a talented man. I am also doubly honored to consider him my friend. We are so blessed to have such a man among us for so long."
Best's first marriage produced a son, Gary. In 1959, Best married his second wife, Jobee Ayers. The couple had two daughters, Janeen and Jojami, before they divorced in 1977. Janeen is an actress, screenwriter and producer, first as Janeen Best then as Janeen Damian, after her 1998 marriage to actor and producer Michael Damian. Best married his third wife, Dorothy Collier, in 1986.
He enjoyed a wide range of hobbies and interests. He was an accomplished painter, a guitarist, a Black Belt in Karate, enjoyed writing, and ran his own acting school. His students included Lindsay Wagner, Roger Miller, Glen Campbell, Quentin Tarantino, and Regis Philbin. He was also an animal rights advocate.
Prior to his death, Best's former Dukes of Hazzard co-star and long-time friend, John Schneider, said; "I laughed and learned more from Jimmie in one hour, than from anyone else in a whole year." He also added that, when asked to cry for the camera, "(Best) would say, 'sure thing, which eye?' I'm forever thankful to have cut my teeth in the company of such a fine man." Nearly one year after Best's death, Schneider said about his working relationship with Best: "He was amazing in everything he did; he was not just a funny guy. In fact, I think the comedic timing came to him later on in life because before that he was a very serious actor. I was very fortunate to have grown up working with people like Jimmie Best and Denver Pyle and Sorrell Booke. Incredibly talented men, incredibly talented actors."
- One Way Street (1950) as Driver (uncredited)
- Comanche Territory (1950) as Sam
- I Was a Shoplifter (1950) as Police Broadcaster in Surveillance Plane (uncredited)
- Winchester '73 (1950) as Crater
- Peggy (1950) as Frank Addison
- Kansas Raiders (1950) as Cole Younger
- Target Unknown (1951) as Sgt. Ralph Phelps
- Air Cadet (1951) as Jerry Connell
- Apache Drums (1951) as Bert Keon
- Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man (1951) as Tommy Nelson (Arthur Franz's stand-in)
- The Cimarron Kid (1952) as Bitter Creek Dalton
- About Face (1952) as Joe - Hal's Roommate
- Steel Town (1952) as Joe Rakich
- The Battle at Apache Pass (1952) as Cpl. Hassett
- Ma and Pa Kettle at the Fair (1952) as Marvin Johnson
- Francis Goes to West Point (1952) as Cpl. Ransom
- Flat Top (1952) as Radio Operator (uncredited)
- Seminole (1953) as Capt. Gerard
- Column South (1953) as Primrose
- The President's Lady (1953) as Samuel Donelson (uncredited)
- The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953) as Charlie - Radar Man (uncredited)
- City of Bad Men (1953) as Deputy Gig (uncredited)
- Riders to the Stars (1954) as Sidney K. Fuller
- The Yellow Tomahawk (1954) as Private Bliss
- The Caine Mutiny (1954) as Lieutenant Jorgensen (uncredited)
- Return from the Sea (1954) as Barr
- The Raid (1954) as Lt. Robinson
- They Rode West (1954) as Lt. Finlay (uncredited)
- Seven Angry Men (1955) as Jason Brown
- A Man Called Peter (1955) as Man with Jane at Youth Rally (uncredited)
- The Eternal Sea (1955) as Student
- Top of the World (1955) as Col. French's Orderly (uncredited)
- Come Next Spring (1956) as Bill Jackson
- The Adventures of Champion (1955-1956, TV Series) as Mace Kincaid / Paul Kenyon
- When Gangland Strikes (1956) as Jerry Ames (uncredited)
- Forbidden Planet (1956) as Crewman (uncredited)
- Gaby (1956) as Jim
- Calling Homicide (1956) as Arnie Arnholf
- The Rack (1956) as Millard Chilson Cassidy
- Last of the Badmen (1957) as Ted Hamilton
- Hot Summer Night (1957) as Kermit
- I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) as Kid at party who gets slapped (uncredited)
- Man on the Prowl (1957) as Doug Gerhardt
- Have Gun Will Travel (1957-1961, TV Series) as Roy Smith / Andy Fisher, one of three parties in danger of being hanged, along with Richard Boone and guest star Richard Schallert
- Cole Younger, Gunfighter (1958) as Kit Caswell
- The Left Handed Gun (1958) as Tom Folliard
- The Naked and the Dead (1958) as Pvt. Rhidges
- Trackdown (1957-1958, TV Series) as Joe Sunday / Bud Ehlers / Rand Marple
- Ride Lonesome (1959) as Billy John
- Verboten! (1959) as Sgt. David Brent
- The Killer Shrews (1959) as Thorne Sherman
- Cast a Long Shadow (1959) as Sam Mullen
- Wagon Train (1959-1960, TV Series) as Art Bernard / Bowman Lewis / Garth English
- The Mountain Road (1960) as Niergaard
- The Andy Griffith Show (1960–1961, TV Series) as Jim Lindsey
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1958-1961, TV Series) as Bish Darby / Hennessy / Norman Frayne
- The Rifleman (1962, TV Series) as Bob Barrett
- Bronco (1962, TV Series) as Frankie Banton
- Cheyenne (1962, TV Series) as Ernie Riggins
- Black Gold (1962) as Jericho Larkin
- The Twilight Zone (1961-1963, TV Series) as Billy Ben Turner / Jeff Myrtlebank / Johnny Rob
- Shock Corridor (1963) as Stuart Couter
- The Fugitive (1963, TV Series) as Dan Murray
- Combat! (1964, TV Series) as Trenton
- Flipper (1965, TV Series) as Dr. Peter Kellwin
- Black Spurs (1965) as Sheriff Ralph Elkins
- Shenandoah (1965) as Carter
- The Virginian (1965, TV series) as Curt Westley
- Three on a Couch (1966) as Dr. Ben Mizer
- Perry Mason (1963-1966, TV Series) as Allan Winford / Martin Potter
- First to Fight (1967) as Gunnery Sgt. Ed Carnavan
- Firecreek (1968) as Drew
- Bonanza (1961-1968, TV Series) as Sheriff Vern Schaler / Page / Carl Reagan
- The Guns of Will Sonnett (1967-1969, TV Series) as Harley Bass / Rake Hanley
- Gunsmoke (1963-1969, TV Series) as Charlie Noon / Beal / Dal Creed
- Sounder (1972) as Sheriff Charlie Young
- Savages (1974, TV Movie) as Sheriff Bert Hamilton
- Ode to Billy Joe (1976) as Dewey Barksdale
- Gator (1976)
- Nickelodeon (1976) as Jim
- Rolling Thunder (1977) as Texan
- The Brain Machine (1977) as Rev. Emory Neill
- The End (1978) as Pacemaker Patient
- Hooper (1978) as Cully
- Centennial (1978, TV Mini-Series) as Hank Garvey
- The Dukes of Hazzard (1979–1985, TV Series) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane
- Enos (TV series) (Horse Cops) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane (1981)
- The Dukes (1983, TV Series) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane
- In the Heat of the Night (1991, TV Series) as retired Sheriff Nathan Bedford - Crystal Reel Award, Best Actor
- The Dukes of Hazzard: Reunion! (1997, TV Movie) as Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane
- Raney (1997) as Uncle Nate
- Death Mask (1998) as Wilbur Johnson
- The Dukes of Hazzard: Hazzard in Hollywood (2000, TV Movie) as Rosco P. Coltrane
- Hot Tamale (2006) as Hank Larson
- Moondance Alexander (2007) as a friend and storekeeper of the Alexanders (based on the life of real-life daughter Janeen)
- Return of the Killer Shrews (2012) as Thorne Sherman
- The Sweeter Side of Life (2013, TV Movie) as the father of the protagonist (final film role)
- "Obituary for James Best". jamesbest.com. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Staff (April 7, 2015). "Dukes of Hazzard's James Best Dies at Age 88". CMT. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Best, James and Jim Clark (2009). Best in Hollywood: The Good, The Bad, And The Beautiful, chapter three. Albany, New York: BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN 1-59393-460-2.
- "Stories of the Century: "Little Britches", June 17, 1954". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- James Best on IMDb
- "Million Dollar Wedding on Death Valley Days". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
- "GE True". Classic Television Archive. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- James Best Interview | Part 7: How James Got Started on The Dukes of Hazzard, youtube.com; accessed September 2, 2015.
- Catherine Bach profile, mtv.com; accessed April 7, 2015.
- Profile Archived November 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, filminflorida.com; accessed April 7, 2015.
- Best comments on Norman Lloyd Archived July 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, yesweekly.com; accessed April 7, 2015.
- Washburn, Mark (April 7, 2015). "James Best, sheriff of 'Hazzard', dies in Hickory at 88". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Gary Lane. "'Dukes' John Schneider Remembers the "Best" - The Hollywood Billboard". The Hollywood Billboard. Archived from the original on April 22, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- "Actor John Schneider is Living The Dream". Digital Journal. January 7, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
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