Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
|Born||November 5, 1830|
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Died||September 3, 1893 (aged 62)|
Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Allegiance|| United States|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||United States Army (1852–1854)|
French Army (1854–1871)
|Rank|| Second Lieutenant (US)|
Lieutenant Colonel (France)
|Unit||Regiment of Mounted Riflemen|
3rd US Cavalry
7th (French) Dragoons
1st African Chasseurs
Dragoons of the Empress
|Battles/wars||French conquest of Algeria|
Second Italian War of Independence
|Awards||Officer of the Légion d'honneur|
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II (November 5, 1830 – September 3, 1893) was a French-American military officer who served in the United States Army and later in the French Army. He was the son of Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte and Susan May Williams.
Life and career
He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, as the son of Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte and his wife, Susan May Williams. He was the grandson of Jérôme Bonaparte (who reigned as King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813) and the grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon, who died in 1821.
Bonaparte entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1848 and graduated 11th in the Class of 1852. Upon graduation, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant and served in Texas with the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen.
Bonaparte resigned from the U.S. Army in August 1854 to serve in the army of his first cousin-once-removed, Emperor Napoleon III. A few weeks later, he was commissioned as a lieutenant of dragoons in the French Army. He fought in the Crimean War, Algeria, the Italian campaign, and the Franco-Prussian War, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Following the Siege of Paris, Bonaparte left the French Army and returned home to the United States. There, he married Caroline Le Roy Appleton Edgar (1840–1911), daughter of Samuel and Julia Appleton, and widow of Newbold Edgar. They had two children:
- Louise-Eugénie Bonaparte (1873–1923); married, in 1896, Count Adam Carl von Moltke-Huitfeld (1864–1944); they have numerous descendants.
- Jerome Napoleon Charles Bonaparte (1878–1945); married, in 1914, Blanche Pierce Strebeigh, daughter of Edward and Emily Pierce of Newtonville, Massachusetts, and former wife of Harold Strebeigh of Hewlett, New York; no issue.
Had his family not been excluded, he would have been first in line to the Bonaparte succession from 1873, and would have succeeded in 1879.
- Allen Johnson (dir.), Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 10 + 1 + 1 volumes, 1937–1964, volume 1 (Abbe — Brazer), 660 pages + 613 pages, entry « Bonaparte, Jerome Napoleon » (1830–1893) page 429 (part 2 of volume 1 : Barsotti — Brazer) by T. M. S. (Thomas Marshall Spaulding)
- Macartney, Charles Edward, and Dorrance, Gordon, The Bonapartes in America, Dorrance and Company, Philadelphia, 1939
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