Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II

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Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Born(1830-11-05)November 5, 1830
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedSeptember 3, 1893(1893-09-03) (aged 62)
Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, U.S.
Allegiance United States
Service/branchUnited States Army
French Army
Years of serviceUnited States Army (1852–1854)
French Army (1854–1871)
RankUnion army 2nd lt rank insignia.jpg Second Lieutenant (US)
Lieutenant Colonel (France)
UnitRegiment of Mounted Riflemen
3rd US Cavalry
7th (French) Dragoons
1st African Chasseurs
1st Carabiniers
3rd Cuirassiers
Dragoons of the Empress
Battles/warsFrench conquest of Algeria
Crimean War
Second Italian War of Independence
Franco-Prussian War
AwardsOfficer of the Légion d'honneur

Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II (November 5, 1830 – September 3, 1893) was a French-American military officer who served in the United States Army and later in the French Army. He was the son of Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte and Susan May Williams.[1]

Life and career[edit]

He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, as the son of Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte and his wife, Susan May Williams. He was the grandson of Jérôme Bonaparte (who reigned as King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813) and the grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon, who died in 1821.[1]

Bonaparte entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1848 and graduated 11th in the Class of 1852. Upon graduation, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant and served in Texas with the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen.

Bonaparte resigned from the U.S. Army in August 1854 to serve in the army of his first cousin-once-removed, Emperor Napoleon III. A few weeks later, he was commissioned as a lieutenant of dragoons in the French Army. He fought in the Crimean War, Algeria, the Italian campaign, and the Franco-Prussian War, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Following the Siege of Paris, Bonaparte left the French Army and returned home to the United States. There, he married Caroline Le Roy Appleton Edgar (1840–1911), daughter of Samuel and Julia Appleton, and widow of Newbold Edgar.[2] They had two children:

Had his family not been excluded, he would have been first in line to the Bonaparte succession from 1873, and would have succeeded in 1879.

He died on September 3, 1893, in Prides Crossing, Massachusetts.[1]


His letters from Fort Inge and Fort Ewell have been preserved by the Maryland Historical Society.


  1. ^ a b c "Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, Jr.". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
  2. ^ "Caroline Le Roy Appleton Bonaparte (1840-1911)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2018-02-20.

Further reading[edit]

  • Allen Johnson (dir.), Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 10 + 1 + 1 volumes, 1937–1964, volume 1 (Abbe — Brazer), 660 pages + 613 pages, entry « Bonaparte, Jerome Napoleon » (1830–1893) page 429 (part 2 of volume 1 : Barsotti — Brazer) by T. M. S. (Thomas Marshall Spaulding)
  • Macartney, Charles Edward, and Dorrance, Gordon, The Bonapartes in America, Dorrance and Company, Philadelphia, 1939

External links[edit]