伽师县 • پەيزاۋات ناھىيىسى
Location of Jiashi / Peyziwat County (red) and Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) within Xinjiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
Jiashi County (Chinese: 伽师县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Payziwat County (Uyghur: پەيزاۋات ناھىيىسى; Chinese: 排孜阿瓦提县), (also sometimes spelled as Faizabad or Fayzawat) is a county-level administration of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of Kashgar Prefecture. It contains an area of 6,528 km2 (2,520 sq mi).
The name "Jiashi" was first used in Chinese documents of Tang Dynasty and was adopted when Emperor Guangxu established the county in 1902. Allegedly the word is a transliteration of a celestial Turkic word for jade and has the same origin to "Kashi", mandarin transliteration for "Kashgar". The Uyghur name "Payziwat" means "God's blessing of fortune" and was sometimes used in documents in Qing Dynasty.
According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 320,000. The administrative center of Peyzawat County is Baren or Barin (巴仁镇).
Peyziwat County was established in July 1902. In 1981 there was a brief pro-independence rebellion in the county staged by Uyghur activists. In 1997 there were a series of deadly earthquakes in the county.
- Peyziwat County Archived 2010-09-02 at the Wayback Machine. Kashgar Government.
- Dillon, Michael (2004). Xinjiang: China's Muslim far northwest. Routledge. pp. 59–60.
- Reginald C. F. Schomberg and Matthew Arnold (1930). "The Climatic Conditions of the Tarim Basin". The Geographical Journal. 75 (4): 318. doi:10.2307/1784816.
- Michell, John; Valikhanov, Chokan Chingisovich; Venyukov, Mikhail Ivanovich (1865), The Russians in Central Asia: their occupation of the Kirghiz steppe and the line of the Syr-Daria: their political relations with Khiva, Bokhara, and Kokan: also descriptions of Chinese Turkestan and Dzungaria; by Capt. Valikhanof, M. Veniukof and [others]. Translated by John Michell, Robert Michell, E. Stanford, p. 152
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