Jimeno Garcés of Pamplona

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Jimeno Garcés,[a] sometimes Jimeno II (died 932/3), was the King of Pamplona from 925 until his death. He was the brother of King Sancho I Garcés and son of García Jiménez by his second wife, Dadildis of Pallars.[1] When his brother died, Sancho's only son, García Sánchez, was still a child and Jimeno succeeded his brother, becoming the second ruler of the Jiménez dynasty.[2]

By 928 at the latest Jimeno's nephew García was "formally associated ... as joint ruler".[2] A document in the archives of the monastery of San Juan de la Peña confirming a boundary settlement reached under King Fortún Garcés was issued when "[the aforementioned King] Jimeno Garcés was ruling with his ward the Lord García in Pamplona and in [Deyo]."[3]

In 927, Jimeno took an army south to support Muhammad ibn Lubb ibn Muhammad of the Banu Qasi against the Córdoba-allied Banu Tujibi, and Jimeno's presence there forced Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir of Córdoba to retreat without offering battle.[4] On his death in 932 or 933 his nephew, now García Sánchez I of Pamplona, ruled alone under the tutelage of his mother Toda, who was doubly Jimeno's sister-in-law.

Jimeno married Sancha Aznárez, daughter of Aznar Sánchez of Larraun and granddaughter of king Fortún Garcés, and thus a sister of Sancho's queen, Toda Aznárez. As such, she was a close kinswoman of Abd-ar-Rahman III. Sancha and Jimeno had three children: García, who went with his mother to Gascony; Sancho, who married Quissilo, daughter of García, count in Bailo; and Dadildis, wife of Muza Aznar, son of the wali of Huesca, al-Tawil, and grandson of Aznar Galíndez II of Aragon. By a mistress Jimeno had another son, also named García, who died at Córdoba.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Latin: Scemeno Garseanis, Garsianes or Garcianes, or Semeno (Xemeno) Garsiez.
  1. ^ Collins (1990), p. 164, contains a family tree.
  2. ^ a b Collins (2012), p. 211.
  3. ^ Collins (1986), p. 102.
  4. ^ Cañada Juste (1980), pp. 89–90.
  5. ^ Lacarra (1945), pp. 234–35.

Sources[edit]

  • Cañada Juste, Alberto (1980). "Los Banu Qasi (714–924)". Príncipe de Viana. 41 (158–59): 5–95. ISSN 0032-8472.
  • Collins, Roger (1986). "Visigothic Law and Regional Custom in Disputes in Early Medieval Spain". In Wendy Davies; Paul Fouracre (eds.). The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge University Press. pp. 85–104, 252–258.
  • Collins, Roger (1990). The Basques. London: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631175650.
  • Collins, Roger (2012). Caliphs and Kings: Spain, 796–1031. London: Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-118-73001-0.
  • Lacarra, José María (1945). "Textos navarros del Códice de Roda". Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragón. 1: 193–284. OCLC 694519776.
  • Ubieto Arteta, Antonio (1963). "Los reyes pamploneses entre 905 y 970". Príncipe de Viana. 24 (90): 77–82.
Preceded by
Sancho I
King of Pamplona
925–932/3
Succeeded by
García Sánchez I