Johann Benjamin Koppe

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Johann Benjamin Koppe (19 August 1750 in Danzig – 12 February 1791 in Hanover) was a German Lutheran theologian. He originated the "fragment hypothesis" (1783) in response to the Synoptic problem.[1]

He studied at the universities of Leipzig and Göttingen, where in 1775 he became a professor of theology. In 1784 he relocated to Gotha as a senior pastor, upper consistory and general superintendent, then in 1788 moved to Hanover as first court chaplain at the Schlosskirche, consistory and general superintendent for the Grafschaft Hoya.[2]

Published works[edit]

  • Pindari Carmina et fragmenta : cum lectionis varietate et annotationibus, (3 volumes); with Christian Gottlob Heyne and Gottfried Hermann, edition of Pindar, (Greek and Latin; Latin prose version by Koppe. Volume 3 by Gottfried Hermann ..."Commentatio de metris Pindari. Scholia"). Publisher: Oxonii : R. Bliss, 1807-1809.
  • D. Robert Lowth's Lord Bischofs zu London ... Jesaias : neu übersetzt nebst einer Einleitung und critischen philologischen und erläuternden Anmerkungen, 1779–1781; (German translation of Robert Lowth by Georg Hermann Richerz with additions and comments by Koppe).
  • Christliches Gesangbuch, 1789 – Christian hymnbook.
  • Novum Testamentum Graece : perpetua annotatione illustratum, (10 volumes); continued after Koppe's death by Johann Heinrich Heinrichs, Christoph Friedrich von Ammon and Thomas Christian Tychsen, 1809–1828.
  • "Notes on the epistle to the Romans; intended to assist students of theology, and others, who read the scriptures in the originals" by Samuel Hulbeart Turner, 1824; translated from the Latin of Johann Benjamin Koppe.[3]


  1. ^ J. J. Griesbach: Synoptic and Text - Critical Studies 1776-1976 - Page 52 Bernard Orchard, Thomas R. W. Longstaff - 2005 "He assumed the existence of a number of shorter and longer accounts in Hebrew and Greek no longer accessible, but which had been used by the Synoptists.12 A similar hypothesis was propounded in 1817 by F. Schleiermacher in Berlin "
  2. ^ ADB:Koppe, Johann Benjamin at Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
  3. ^ Most widely held works by Johann Benjamin Koppe OCLC WorldCat Identities