John Boyle (congressman)

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John Boyle
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Kentucky
In office
October 20, 1826 – January 28, 1834
Appointed byJohn Quincy Adams
Preceded byRobert Trimble
Succeeded byThomas Bell Monroe
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1809
Preceded byJohn Fowler
Succeeded bySamuel McKee
Personal details
John Boyle

(1774-10-28)October 28, 1774
Botetourt County, Virginia
DiedJanuary 28, 1834(1834-01-28) (aged 59)
Danville, Kentucky
Resting placeBellevue Cemetery
Danville, Kentucky
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Educationread law

John Boyle (October 28, 1774 – January 28, 1835) was a United States Representative from Kentucky and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Kentucky.

Education and career[edit]

Born on October 28, 1774, at "Castle Woods" in Botetourt County, Virginia,[1] Boyle moved with his father to Whitleys Station, Kentucky in 1779 and was educated by private tutors and in private schools.[2] He read law and was admitted to the bar in 1797.[1] He entered private in Lancaster, Kentucky from 1797 to 1802.[1] He was deputy counselor at law for the Kentucky Court of Quarter Sessions in 1797.[1] He was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1800.[1]

Congressional service[edit]

Boyle was elected as a Democratic-Republican from Kentucky's 2nd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 8th, 9th and 10th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1803, to March 3, 1809.[2] He was one of the managers appointed by the United States House of Representatives, in January 1804, to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Judge John Pickering, and, in December of the same year, against Associate Justice Samuel Chase.[2] He was Chairman of the Committee on Public Land Claims for the 9th and 10th United States Congresses.[2]

Later career[edit]

Boyle was appointed Governor of the Illinois Territory in 1809, but declined the position.[2] He was a Judge of the Kentucky Court of Appeals from 1809 to 1826, serving as Chief Judge from 1810 to 1826.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

John Boyle's home in Lancaster, Kentucky. This home was at different times owned by Robert Letcher, U.S.Congressman and Kentucky Governor, and George Robertson, U.S.Congressman, and a judge of the Kentucky Court of Appeals.

Boyle received a recess appointment from President John Quincy Adams on October 20, 1826, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Kentucky vacated by Judge Robert Trimble.[1] He was nominated to the same position by President Adams on December 13, 1826.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 12, 1827, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on January 28, 1834, due to his death near Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky.[1] He was interred in Bellevue Cemetery in Danville.[3][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j John Boyle at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f United States Congress. "John Boyle (id: B000729)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Robertson, George (1838). Biographical sketch of the Hon. John Boyle : an introductory lecture to the law class of Transylvania, November 7, 1838. A.G. Hodges. p. 19. Retrieved 2008-11-22.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Fowler
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Samuel McKee
Legal offices
Preceded by
Robert Trimble
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Kentucky
Succeeded by
Thomas Bell Monroe