John Tudor (baseball)
|Born: February 2, 1954|
Schenectady, New York
|August 16, 1979, for the Boston Red Sox|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 13, 1990, for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Earned run average||3.12|
|Career highlights and awards|
Tudor was the oldest of three children born to Jean and Melton Tudor, an engineer. Although born in the Capital District of New York, Tudor was raised in Peabody, Massachusetts and attended the city's Peabody High School where he played hockey and was once cut from the school's baseball team.
Tudor began his college baseball career at North Shore Community College in Danvers, Massachusetts where he was the team's best pitcher and hitter. After two years at North Shore, Tudor wrote a letter to Georgia Southern University asking for the opportunity to walk on to their baseball program. Tudor successfully made the Eagles roster as the team's fifth starting pitcher. He graduated from the school with a bachelor's degree in criminal justice. Tudor was drafted by the Boston Red Sox in the third round of the 1976 MLB draft (secondary phase) from Georgia Southern.
Tudor debuted with the Red Sox on August 16, 1979. He spent some time in the minors in 1980 and was used as both a starter and reliever in 1981. He finally established himself as a member of the rotation in 1982, going 13-10 with a 3.63 ERA. After finishing 13-12 the following season, Tudor was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates for designated hitter Mike Easler. After one year in Pittsburgh, in which he was 12-11 with a 3.27 ERA, he was sent to St. Louis as part of a deal for veteran outfielder George Hendrick. The Pirates received a career minor leaguer in the deal and sent catcher Brian Harper to the Cardinals.
Tudor's highlight was a spectacular 1985 season for the St. Louis Cardinals. Oddly enough, Tudor started that year with a 1-7 record and a 3.74 earned run average through May. He then went on a tear that has rarely been seen since by going 20-1 with a 1.37 ERA the rest of the season and lowering his overall ERA to 1.93. Tudor concluded the season by winning his last eleven decisions. Only the best season of Dwight Gooden's career stopped Tudor from winning the National League Cy Young Award and leading the league in ERA, wins and complete games. He was sixth in strikeouts for the year.
Moreover, Tudor's ten complete game shutouts in 1985 made him the only pitcher since Jim Palmer in 1975 to reach double-digits in that category. (Bob Gibson holds the Cardinal record with 13 in 1968). To make the achievement more impressive, his ten shutouts were all in the last four months of 1985. To date, Tudor is the last Major League player to record ten or more shutouts in a season. The most since then is eight, by Los Angeles Dodger pitcher Orel Hershiser and Boston pitcher Roger Clemens in 1988.
The Cardinals were in the heat of a division race against Gooden and the New York Mets in September 1985. Tudor improved even more by starting the month with two consecutive shutouts and then pitched against Gooden himself in a legendary matchup on September 11. Gooden and Tudor locked horns pitch-for-pitch and the score was 0-0 after nine innings. Jesse Orosco took over for Gooden in the tenth inning and gave up a home run to César Cedeño. Tudor came back out in the bottom of the inning and finished the three-hit, ten-inning masterpiece for his third consecutive shutout of the month. After two sub-par performances, he pitched his fourth shutout of the month and then pitched another ten innings of shutout ball against the Mets' Ron Darling but the Mets turned the table and beat the Cardinals' bullpen in the eleventh inning.
Tudor's pitching propelled the Cardinals into the playoffs. He lost Game 1 of the National League Championship Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers but won Game 4 to even the series and St. Louis won 4 games to 2. Tudor was masterful in Game 1 of the 1985 World Series against the long-shot Kansas City Royals, and even better with a shutout in Game 4. However, he completely fell apart in Game 7, allowing five runs and four walks before being pulled in the third inning. The Royals rolled to an 11-0 victory for their first World Championship, and Tudor was saddled with the loss. Tudor was so upset by his performance in Game 7 that in a post-game tantrum he cut his pitching hand after punching an electrical fan.
Tudor never matched his dominance of 1985. While still posting low ERAs, he never won more than 13 games. In 1987, he was again in the World Series but again lost with a chance to win the World Series. Injuries limited Tudor's playing time after 1985 and eventually ended his career. He was the victim of a freak accident in 1987 when the Mets' catcher Barry Lyons went into the Cardinals' dugout trying to catch a foul ball and crashed into Tudor (who wasn't even pitching in the game) breaking Tudor's leg. In 1988, Tudor was traded to the Dodgers despite having the league's best ERA. He pitched well again and won his only World Series ring for the 1988 World Series, but severely injured his elbow during the postseason. That injury caused him to miss almost all of 1989 and then retire despite a good comeback season (12-4, 2.40 ERA) in 1990.
- List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual shutout leaders
- List of St. Louis Cardinals team records
- Swift, E.M. (November 25, 1985). "Out To Show He's A Good Skate". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Gammons, Peter (May 21, 1990). "How Long Can It Last?". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Ryan, Bob (July 28, 1991). "Former major-league pitcher enjoys life with Intercity League team". Boston Globe. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Schmitz, Brian (October 25, 1985). "Smith's Flips Are A-okay With Whitey Tudor Walked His Way At Georgia Southern". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- "John Tudor Bio". Retrieved 15 February 2017.
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