John Walter Smith
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John Walter Smith
|United States Senator|
March 25, 1908 – March 3, 1921
|Preceded by||William Pinkney Whyte|
|Succeeded by||Ovington Weller|
|44th Governor of Maryland|
January 10, 1900 – January 13, 1904
|Preceded by||Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Edwin Warfield|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Maryland's 1st district
March 4, 1899 – January 12, 1900
|Preceded by||Isaac A. Barber|
|Succeeded by||Josiah L. Kerr|
|Member of the Maryland State Senate|
|Born||February 5, 1845|
Snow Hill, Maryland
|Died||April 19, 1925 (aged 80)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Frances Richardson|
John Walter Smith (February 5, 1845 – April 19, 1925), a member of the Democratic Party in the United States, held several public offices representing the state of Maryland. From 1899 to 1900, he was a U.S. congressman for the 1st district of Maryland; from 1900 to 1904, he was the 44th Governor of Maryland; and from 1908 to 1921, he served in the U.S. Senate, first as the junior senator for Maryland, and from November 1912 as the senior senator.
Early life and career
Smith was born at Snow Hill, Maryland, and attended private schools and Union Academy. His mother died during childbirth, and his father died when he was five. Ephraim King Wilson assumed guardianship of Smith, and raised him. He engaged in the lumber business in Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina before becoming president of the First National Bank of Snow Hill and director in many business and financial institutions.
Beginning his political career, Smith was elected to the Maryland State Senate in 1889, 1893, and 1897, and served as president of the Senate in 1894. Following the death of U.S. Senator to Maryland Ephraim K. Wilson in 1891, Smith sought to be elected to replace him, but lost nomination to fellow Democrat Charles H. Gibson. He was elected to the 56th Congress in 1898 from the 1st Congressional district of Maryland, but served for less than a year before being unexpectedly nominated for Governor of Maryland by the Democratic State Convention in 1899. Smith was victorious against incumbent governor Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.
Governor of Maryland
As Governor, Smith promoted education, labor, and healthcare reform. In education, Smith reorganized the public school system, guaranteed free textbooks for all students, appointed a school superintendent, and removed the Agricultural College of Maryland (now known as the University of Maryland, College Park) from private control and placed it under the guidance of the State. He also improved the State's workmen's compensation program, encouraged a merit system for promotions, reorganized health laws and constructed a State psychiatric hospital. Governor Smith is also credited with signing into law the Certified Public Accountant Act, making Maryland the third state to create a Profession of Public Accounting with an exam, and state licensing and oversight. Smith also freed the State from much of its debt by the time he departed from the position in 1904.
After another unsuccessful attempt at a Senate election in 1904, Smith was elected in January 1908 to succeed William Pinkney Whyte whose term ended in 1909. When White died in March 1908, Smith was then also elected to finish the term. He was re-elected in 1914 and served from March 25, 1908, to March 3, 1921. He lost election in 1920 for a third term as Senator to Ovington E. Weller.
As senator, Smith was chairman of the Committee to Investigate Trespassers Upon Land (62nd Congress), the Committee on the District of Columbia (63rd through 65th Congresses), and the Committee to Examine Branches of the Civil Service (66th Congress).
- "John Walter Smith (1845-1925) Biographical Series; Governor of Maryland 1900-1904, U.S. Senate 1907-1919". Archives of Maryland, MSA SC 3520-1475. Maryland State Government. April 4, 2011. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- White, Jr., Frank F. (1970). The Governors of Maryland 1777-1970. Annapolis: The Hall of Records Commission. p. 227-230. ISBN 978-0942370010. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- United States Congress. "John Walter Smith (id: S000577)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- John Walter Smith – Delmarva Heritage Series
- Media related to John Walter Smith at Wikimedia Commons
Edward Lloyd VII
| President of the Maryland State Senate
William Cabell Bruce
Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.
| Governor of Maryland
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Isaac Ambrose Barber
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st congressional district
William Pinkney Whyte
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Maryland
Served alongside: Isidor Rayner, William P. Jackson, Blair Lee I, Joseph Irwin France