Ferrer in 1952
José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón
January 8, 1912
San Juan, Puerto Rico, U.S.
|Died||January 26, 1992 (aged 80)|
Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.
|Resting place||Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Uta Hagen (1938–1948)|
Phyllis Hill (1948–1953)
(1953–1961 and 1964–1967)
Stella Magee (1977–1992)
|Children||6, including Miguel and Rafael Ferrer|
|Relatives||Tessa Ferrer (granddaughter)|
|Awards||National Medal of Arts (1985)|
José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón (January 8, 1912 – January 26, 1992), known as José Ferrer, was a Puerto Rican actor and theatre and film director. He was the first Puerto Rican-born actor, as well as the first Hispanic actor, to win an Academy Award (in 1950 for Cyrano de Bergerac).
In 1947, Ferrer won the Tony Award for his theatrical performance of Cyrano de Bergerac, and in 1952, he won the Distinguished Dramatic Actor Award for The Shrike, and also the Outstanding Director Award for directing the plays The Shrike, The Fourposter, and Stalag 17.
Ferrer's contributions to American theatre were recognized in 1981, when he was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. In 1985, he received the National Medal of Arts from Ronald Reagan, becoming the first actor to receive that honor. On April 26, 2012, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp in Ferrer's honor in its Distinguished Americans series.
Ferrer was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of María Providencia Cintrón, who was from the small coastal town of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, and Rafael Ferrer, an attorney and writer from San Juan. He was the grandson of Gabriel Ferrer Hernández, a doctor and advocate of Puerto Rican independence from Spain. He had two younger sisters, Elvira and Leticia.
In 1933, Ferrer completed his bachelor's degree in architecture at Princeton University, where he wrote his senior thesis on "French Naturalism and Pardo Bazán". Ferrer was also a member of the Princeton Triangle Club and played piano in a band, "José Ferrer and His Pied Pipers". Ferrer then studied Romance languages at Columbia University for 1934-35.
This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. (January 2018)
Ferrer's first professional appearance as an actor was at a "showboat" theater on Long Island in the summer of 1934.
He could also be seen in Stick-in-the-Mud (1935) and Spring Dance (1936). Ferrer's first big success was in Brother Rat (1936–38) which ran for 577 performances. In Clover only ran for 3 performances. How to Get Tough About It (1938) also had a short run, as did Missouri Legend (1938).
Mamba's Daughters (1938) ran for 163 performances. Ferrer followed it with Key Largo (1938–39) with Paul Muni and directed by Guthrie McClintic, which went for 105 shows and was later turned into a film.
Theatre director and Cyrano
Ferrer made his debut on Broadway as director with Vickie (1942) in which he also starred. It only had a short run.
He played Iago in Margaret Webster's Broadway production of Othello (1943–44), which starred Paul Robeson in the title role, Webster as Emilia, and Ferrer's wife, Uta Hagen, as Desdemona. That production still holds the record for longest-running repeat performance of a Shakespearean play presented in the United States, going for 296 performances (it would be revived in 1945).
Cyrano de Bergerac
Ferrer may be best remembered for his performance in the title role of Cyrano de Bergerac, which he first played on Broadway in 1946. Ferrer feared that the production would be a failure in rehearsals, due to the open dislike for the play by director Mel Ferrer (no relation), so he called in Joshua Logan (who had directed his star-making performance in Charley's Aunt) to serve as "play doctor" for the production. Logan wrote that he simply had to eliminate pieces of business which director Ferrer had inserted in his staging; they presumably were intended to sabotage the more sentimental elements of the play that the director considered to be corny and in bad taste. The production became one of the hits of the 1946/47 Broadway season, winning Ferrer the first Best Actor Tony Award for his depiction of the long-nosed poet/swordsman.
Ferrer made his film debut in the Technicolor epic Joan of Arc (1948) as the weak-willed Dauphin opposite Ingrid Bergman as Joan. Ferrer's performance earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor.
Ferrer had another Broadway hit with The Silver Whistle (1948–49) which ran for 219 performances. He performed two shows for The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse on TV in 1949: Cyrano, playing the title role, and an adaptation of What Makes Sammy Run?, playing Sammy Glick (adapted by Paddy Chayefsky).
Ferrer then played the title role in Cyrano de Bergerac (1950), directed by Michael Gordon and produced by Stanley Kramer. Ferrer won the Best Actor Oscar. The film was widely seen although it lost money.
Ferrer produced and directed, but did not appear in, Stalag 17 (1951–52), a big hit running for 472 performances. Even more popular was The Fourposter (1951–53) in which he directed Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy; it ran for 632 performances.
Ferrer had another cinema hit with Miss Sadie Thompson (1953) starring Rita Hayworth. Ferrer briefly revived some of his shows at the City Centre in 1953: Cyrano, The Shrike, Richard III, Charley's Aunt.
He returned to movies with The Caine Mutiny (1954) for Kramer, co-starring with Humphrey Bogart and Van Johnson, playing defence lawyer Barney Greenwald; the film was a huge hit. Greenwald's Jewish faith, so prominent in the novel that it informed his judgments of the U.S.S. Caine's officers, was downplayed in the film, as Ferrer, being Puerto Rican, was nominally Roman Catholic.
Ferrer co-wrote, directed and starred in the film The Great Man (1956), at Universal. He directed and starred in two films for MGM: I Accuse! (1958), where he played Captain Alfred Dreyfus, and The High Cost of Loving (1958) a comedy with Gena Rowlands. Both flopped at the box office.
Back on Broadway, Ferrer co-wrote and directed the stage musical Oh, Captain! (1958) with Tony Randall, which only had a short run. He directed and starred in Edwin Booth (1958), playing the title role; it was not a success.
Ferrer took over the direction of the troubled musical Juno (1959) from Vincent J. Donehue, who had himself taken over from Tony Richardson. The show, which starred Shirley Booth, folded after 16 performances and mixed-to extremely negative critical reaction.
However, he followed it directing the original stage production of Saul Levitt's The Andersonville Trial (1959–60), about the trial following the revelation of conditions at the infamous Civil War prison. It was a hit and featured George C. Scott, running for 179 performances.
20th Century Fox
Ferrer had a key support role in the film Lawrence of Arabia (1962) which was a huge success. Although Ferrer's performance was only small he said it was his best on screen.
A notable performance of his later stage career was as Miguel de Cervantes and his fictional creation Don Quixote in the hit musical Man of La Mancha. Ferrer took over the role from Richard Kiley in 1966 and subsequently went on tour with it in the first national company of the show. Tony Martinez continued in the role of Sancho Panza under Ferrer, as he had with Kiley.
Ferrer starred in Carl Reiner's Enter Laughing (1967) and did a production of Kismet (1967) on TV. He went to Europe to do Cervantes (1967) and appeared in A Case of Libel (1968) for US TV. He also provided the voice of the evil Ben Haramed in the 1968 Rankin/Bass Christmas TV special The Little Drummer Boy. In 1968 the IRS sent him a tax bill of $122,000 going back to 1962.
Ferrer voiced a highly truncated cartoon version of Cyrano for an episode of The ABC Afterschool Special in 1974.
Ferrer appeared in The Missing Are Deadly (1975), Forever Young, Forever Free (1975), Order to Assassinate (1975), Medical Story (1975), The Art of Crime (1975), Truman at Potsdam (1976) (playing Stalin), The Big Bus (1976), Paco (1976)., Voyage of the Damned (1976), Crash! (1976), The Sentinel (1977), Zoltan, Hound of Dracula (1977), Exo-Man (1977), Who Has Seen the Wind (1977), The Rhinemann Exchange, The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover (1977), Fedora (1978) from Billy Wilder, The Amazing Captain Nemo (1978) (in the title role), and The Swarm. He guest starred on Starsky and Hutch and Tales of the Unexpected.
During the Bicentennial, Ferrer narrated the world premiere of Michael Jeffrey Shapiro's A Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 for narrator and orchestra with the Philharmonic Symphony of Westchester, Martin Rich, conductor.
Ferrer was a replacement cast member in a production of David Mamet's A Life in the Theatre (1977–78). He produced and starred in White Pelicans (1978) and directed Carmelina (1979) on stage but it only ran 17 performances.
He was in The Fifth Musketeer (1979), The Concorde ... Airport '79 (1979), Natural Enemies (1979), The French Atlantic Affair (1979), A Life of Sin, a 1979 film by Puerto Rican director Efraín López Neris which also starred Raul Julia, Míriam Colón and Henry Darrow, and Battles: The Murder That Wouldn't Die (1980). He did The Merchant on stage in Canada.
In 1980, he had a role as future Justice Abe Fortas in the made-for-television film version of Anthony Lewis' Gideon's Trumpet, opposite Henry Fonda in an Emmy-nominated performance as Clarence Earl Gideon.
He was also in Battle Creek Brawl (1980), Pleasure Palace (1980), The Dream Merchants (1980), Magnum, P.I., Evita Peron (1981), Berlin Tunnel 21 (1981), Peter and Paul (1981) with Anthony Hopkins, Bloody Birthday (1981), Woody Allen's A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982), Blood Tide (1982), Blood Feud (1982), This Girl for Hire (1983), The Being (1983) and Mel Brooks's version of To Be or Not to Be (1983).
From 1982 to 1985 he was artistic director of the Coconut Grove Theatre in Miami.
Ferrer was in The Evil That Men Do (1984), Samson and Delilah (1984), and George Washington (1984). He was the Emperor in Dune (1984) and was in Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil (1985), Seduced (1985), Covenant (1985), Blood & Orchids (1986), Young Harry Houdini, and The Wind in the Willows (1987).
Ferrer made his farewell to Cyrano by performing a short passage from the play for the 1986 Tony Awards telecast.
In an interview given in the 1980s, he bemoaned the lack of good character parts for aging stars, and admitted that he now took on roles mostly for the money, such as his roles in the horror potboilers The Swarm, in which he played a doctor, and Dracula's Dog, in which he played a police inspector.
Ferrer's final performances include The Sun and the Moon (1987), American Playhouse ("Strange Interlude" with Kenneth Branagh), Mother's Day (1989), Matlock, Hired to Kill (1990), Old Explorers (1990) and The Perfect Tribute.
- Ferrer was the first Hispanic actor to win an Academy Award.
- In 2005, the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors (HOLA) renamed its Tespis Award to the HOLA José Ferrer Tespis Award.
- Ferrer was honored for his theatrical and cinematic works with an induction into the American Theatre Hall of Fame and a National Medal of Arts, becoming the first actor and Hispanic to be presented with the prestigious award.
- Ferrer's sons Rafael Ferrer and Miguel Ferrer, his daughter (Letty Ferrer), and his granddaughter Tessa Ferrer also became actors and actresses.
- Ferrer donated his Academy Award to the University of Puerto Rico. The award was stolen after being misplaced during the remodeling of the university's theater.
Ferrer was married five times:
- Uta Hagen (1938–1948): Ferrer and Hagen had one child, their daughter Leticia (born October 15, 1940). They divorced in 1948, partly due to Hagen's long-concealed affair with Paul Robeson, with whom Hagen and Ferrer had co-starred in the Broadway production of Othello.
- Phyllis Hill (1948–1953): Ferrer and Hill wed on May 27, 1948, and they moved to Burlington, Vermont in 1950, where they subsequently found it difficult to keep their marriage together. Ferrer returned to Puerto Rico because his mother died. They divorced on January 12, 1953.
- Rosemary Clooney (1953–1961): Ferrer first married Clooney on June 1, 1953, in Durant, Oklahoma. They moved to Santa Monica, California, in 1954, and then to Los Angeles in 1958. Ferrer and Clooney had five children in quick succession: Miguel (February 7, 1955 – January 19, 2017), Maria (born August 9, 1956), Gabriel (born August 1, 1957), Monsita (born October 13, 1958) and Rafael (born March 23, 1960). They divorced for the first time in 1961.
- Rosemary Clooney (1964–1967): Ferrer and Clooney remarried on November 22, 1964, in Los Angeles; however, the marriage again crumbled because Ferrer was carrying on an affair with the woman who would become his last wife, Stella Magee. Clooney found out about the affair, and she and Ferrer divorced again in 1967.
- Stella Magee (1977–1992): Ferrer married Magee in 1977, and they remained together until his death in 1992.
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Ferrer died of colorectal cancer in Coral Gables, Florida, in 1992, shortly after his 80th birthday, and was interred in Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery in Old San Juan in his native Puerto Rico.
|1948||Joan of Arc||The Dauphin, Charles VII||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1950||The Secret Fury||José||Uncredited|
|1950||Cyrano de Bergerac||Cyrano de Bergerac|
|1952||Anything Can Happen||Giorgi Papashvily|
|1952||Moulin Rouge||Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor|
|1953||Producers' Showcase: "Cyrano de Bergerac"||Cyrano de Bergerac||Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie|
|1953||Miss Sadie Thompson||Alfred Davidson|
|1954||The Caine Mutiny||Lt. Barney Greenwald||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor|
|1954||Deep in My Heart||Sigmund Romberg|
|1955||The Shrike||Jim Downs||Also director|
|1955||The Cockleshell Heroes||Major Stringer||Also director|
|1956||The Great Man||Joe Harris||Also director|
|1957||Four Girls in Town||Director||Uncredited|
|1958||I Accuse!||Capt. Alfred Dreyfus||Also director|
|1958||The High Cost of Loving||Jim 'Jimbo' Fry||Also director|
|1961||Return to Peyton Place||Voice of Mark Steele||Also director, Uncredited|
|1962||Lawrence of Arabia||Turkish Bey|
|1963||Nine Hours to Rama||Supt. Gopal Das|
|1963||Stop Train 349||Cowan the Reporter|
|1964||Cyrano et d'Artagnan||Cyrano de Bergerac|
|1965||The Greatest Story Ever Told||Herod Antipas|
|1965||Ship of Fools||Siegfried Rieber|
|1967||Enter Laughing||Mr. Harrison B. Marlowe|
|1968||The Little Drummer Boy||Ben Haramad||Voice|
|1975||Forever Young, Forever Free||Father Alberto||Aka: e'Lollipop|
|1975||El clan de los immorales||Inspector Reed|
|1976||The Big Bus||Ironman|
|1976||Voyage of the Damned||Manuel Benitez|
|1977||The Rhinemann Exchange||Erich Rhinemann|
|1977||The Sentinel||Priest of the Brotherhood|
|1977||Who Has Seen the Wind||The Ben|
|1977||The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover||Lionel McCoy|
|1978||The Return of Captain Nemo||Captain Nemo|
|1978||Dracula's Dog||Inspector Branco|
|1978||The Swarm||Dr. Andrews|
|1979||The French Atlantic Affair||President Aristide Brouchard|
|1979||The Fifth Musketeer||Athos|
|1979||The Concorde ... Airport '79||Chief Superintendent Morabito||(TV version), Uncredited|
|1979||Natural Enemies||Harry Rosenthal|
|1980||The Dream Merchants||George Pappas|
|1980||The Big Brawl||Domenici|
|1981||Peter and Paul||Gamaliel|
|1982||A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy||Leopold|
|1982||And They Are Off||Martin Craig|
|1983||The Being||Mayor Gordon Lane|
|1983||To Be or Not to Be||Prof. Siletski|
|1984||The Evil That Men Do||Dr. Hector Lomelin|
|1984||George Washington||Robert Dinwiddie|
|1984||Dune||Padishah Emperor Shaddam IV|
|1985||Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil||Ludwig Rosenberg|
|1987||The Wind in the Willow||Badger||Voice, TV Film|
|1987||The Sun and the Moon||Don Fulhencio|
- List of Puerto Ricans
- French immigration to Puerto Rico
- List of Puerto Rican Academy Award winners and nominees
- Jose Ferrer (American actor) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-12.
- "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
- 1920 United States Federal Census
- "Jose Ferrer Was Proud Of Puerto Rican Roots". The New York Times. February 18, 1992.
- Old Time Radio Researchers Group, Philo Vance — Single Episodes at the Internet Archive
- Logan, Joshua (May 1, 1976). Josh, My Up and Down, In and Out Life. Delacorte Press. pp. 79–80. ISBN 978-0440042358.
- Jose Ferrer New York Times 20 Apr 1947: SM25.
- Jose Ferrer-Erwenter The Christian Science Monitor 25 Sep 1948: 11.
- Balio, Tino (December 15, 1987). United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-0299114404.
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1953', Variety, 13 January 1954
- See 304 F. 2d 125 - Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Ferrer , OpenJurist
- 48th Street Salutes Genius of Ferrer By Richard L. Coe. The Washington Post 10 Feb 1952: L1.
- " My 3 Angels on Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed July 19, 2015
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1954', Variety Weekly, January 5, 1955
- Jose Ferrer Donates Self to City Center Chapman, John. Chicago Daily Tribune 29 Nov 1953: e5
- Box Office Information for The Caine Mutiny. The Numbers. Retrieved April 15, 2013
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- THOMAS M PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. (7 January 1955). "FILM PACT SIGNED BY JOSHUA LOGAN: He Will Make His Debut as Screen Director in 'Picnic' Adaptation for Columbia". New York Times. p. 16.
- "BRITISH. FILMS MADE MOST MONEY: BOX-OFFICE SURVEY". The Manchester Guardian. Manchester (UK). 28 Dec 1956. p. 3.
- "Jose Ferrer". GRAMMY.com. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- JOSE FERRER ENDS LONG FILM FAMINE: Actor-Director in deal With Fox, Explains 4-Year Lapse By MURRAY SCHUMACH New York Times July 18, 1961: 33.
- Jose Ferrer---TV's Reluctant Ham Humphrey, Hal. Los Angeles Times 11 Aug 1963: d26.
- " 'The Girl Who Came to Supper' Broadway" Playbill (vault), accessed December 5, 2016
- IRS Cracks Down on Actor Jose Ferrer Los Angeles Times8 May 1968: g23.
- Jose Ferrer Set for 'Banyon' Role Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]25 Dec 1970: e38
- briefly Jose Ferrer set The Globe and Mail 23 Aug 1979: P.13.
- JOSE FERRER STEPS DOWN AS PLAYHOUSE DIRECTOR Los Angeles Times 10 January 1985: k8.
- Stage, Film Actor Jose Ferrer Dies Los Angeles Times 27 Jan 1992: VYA3
- "Just Married to Rosemary Clooney, Jose Ferrer Gives Party for Olivia DeHavilland". The Day, July 14, 1953.
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