Joseph M. Farley Nuclear Plant
|Joseph M. Farley Nuclear Generating Station|
Construction activities at the Joseph M. Farley Power Plant.
|Official name||Joseph M. Farley Nuclear Plant|
|Construction began||October 1, 1970|
|Commission date||Unit 1: December 1, 1977|
Unit 2: July 30, 1981
|Construction cost||$4.115 billion (2007 USD)|
|Nuclear power station|
|Cooling towers||6 × Mechanical Draft|
|Cooling source||Chattahoochee River|
|Thermal capacity||2 × 2775 MWth|
|Units operational||1 × 874 MW|
1 × 883 MW
|Make and model||WH 3-loop (DRYAMB)|
|Nameplate capacity||1757 MW|
|Capacity factor||96.18% (2017)|
|Annual net output||14,804 GWh (2017)|
The Joseph M. Farley Nuclear Generating Plant is located near Dothan, Alabama in the southern United States. The twin-unit nuclear power station sits on a largely wooded and agricultural 1,850-acre (750 ha) site along the Chattahoochee River, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Columbia, Alabama in Houston County.
The plant is named after the late Joseph McConnell Farley, an American attorney born in Birmingham, Alabama who became president of Alabama Power (owner of the facility) from 1969 to 1989 and was later CEO of Southern Nuclear Operating Company; both companies are subsidiaries of Southern Company.
Construction of the plant began in 1970. Fluor Corporation of Irving, Texas was the general contractor. Unit 1 achieved commercial operation in December 1977. Unit 2 began commercial operation in July 1981. The total cost of the plant was about $1.57 billion. On May 12, 2005, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approved license renewal applications for both reactors at the site. Unit 1's extended operating license is set to expire on June 25, 2037 and Unit 2's on March 31, 2041.
This plant has two Westinghouse reactors.
- Unit 1: 2,775 MWt
- Unit 2: 2,775 MWt
- Farley, Unit 1
- Farley, Unit 2
- Owner = Alabama Power Company (100 percent).
- Operator (Licensee) = Southern Nuclear Operation Company.
The NRC defines two emergency planning zones around nuclear power plants: a plume exposure pathway zone with a radius of 10 miles (16 km), concerned primarily with exposure to, and inhalation of, airborne radioactive contamination, and an ingestion pathway zone of about 50 miles (80 km), concerned primarily with ingestion of food and liquid contaminated by radioactivity.
The 2010 U.S. population within 10 miles (16 km) of Farley was 11,842, an increase of 8.0 percent in a decade, according to an analysis of U.S. Census data for msnbc.com. The 2010 U.S. population within 50 miles (80 km) was 421,374, an increase of 6.1 percent since 2000. Cities within 50 miles include Dothan (17 miles to city center).
- "EIA - State Nuclear Profiles". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- http://www.eia.gov/nuclear/state/alabama/index.cfm EIA State Nuclear Profiles; Alabama Nuclear Profile 2010 Accessed 4 August 2013
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2012-03-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Bill Dedman, Nuclear neighbors: Population rises near US reactors, msnbc.com, April 14, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42555888/ns/us_news-life/ Accessed May 1, 2011.
- Bill Dedman, "What are the odds? US nuke plants ranked by quake risk," msnbc.com, March 17, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42103936/ Accessed April 19, 2011.
- "Plant Farley". Southern Company. 2008. Archived from the original on October 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "(Joseph M.) Farley Nuclear Power Plant, Alabama". Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). August 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "Farley 1 Pressurized Water Reactor". Operating Nuclear Power Reactors. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "Farley 2 Pressurized Water Reactor". Operating Nuclear Power Reactors. NRC. February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.