Jules Gustave Besson (1 August 1868 in Paris – ?) was a French painter. He was a pupil of Alexandre Cabanel, Élie Delaunay, and particularly Gustave Moreau at the Beaux-Arts, Paris, but did not follow his teacher's style.
In his fifties he moved to Indochina. He won the Prix de l'Indochine in 1925 and in 1926 succeeded André Joyeux as director of the école d'arts appliqués at Gia Dinh. His students in Saigon were not as numerous or as influential as those of his contemporary Victor Tardieu at the EBAI in Hanoi, but their works left a vivid record of life in the south of Vietnam and Cambodia. The school also encouraged the students in the art of photography. He was succeeded at the school by the third director, Stéphane Brecq (1894–1955).
- Au Pays Noir, 1898 - in the industrial English Black Country
- The International studio: Volumes 21-22 1904 "Jules Gustave Besson is a pupil of Gustave Moreau, which may seem surprising at first, seeing that here we find ourselves face to face with a talent essentially different from that of the master — a talent which would seem to owe nothing to the .. It cannot be disputed, of course, that Besson adopts a formula of realistic art which is at the very antipodes of the idealism whereto Moreau was always devoted ; he abandons the forms of legend and of dream which live in Moreau's work, "
- L'Indochine: un lieu d'échange culturel? : les peintres français ... Nadine André-Pallois, École française d'Extrême-Orient - 1997 "Après André Joyeux, Jules Besson, Stéphane Brecq (dates non connues) est à son tour nommé au poste de directeur de l'école d'arts appliqués de Gia Dinh (1940-1942).
- Vietnam à travers l'architecture coloniale Arnauld Le Brusq, Léonard de Selva - 1999 "Durant les années 1930, son directeur, le peintre Jules Besson dirige la réalisation ..."
- Vietnam.net Photography exhibition of the students of Gia Dinh