Juliette Roche

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Juliette Roche
Juliette Roche, c.1913, Paris, Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Bibliothèque Kandinsky (fonds Gleizes).jpg
Juliette Roche Gleizes, c.1913, Paris
Born1884
Died1980
NationalityFrench
EducationAcadémie Ranson
Known forpainting, writing
MovementCubism, Dada

Juliette Roche (1884–1980), also known as Juliette Roche Gleizes, was a French painter and writer who associated with members of the Cubist and Dada movements.

Life[edit]

She was born in 1884 to a wealthy Parisian family. Her father, Jules Roche, was a prominent member of both the French government and avant-garde art world. Other strong connections to the art world were manifested in her relationships with her godmother, Élisabeth, Countess Greffulhe, and her father's godson, Jean Cocteau.[1] Her father, Jules Roche, was a prominent member of both the French government and the avant-garde art world. Juliette Roche studied painting at the Académie Ranson in Paris, with the support of her father. There, she was introduced to the artistic style of Les Nabis. In her poetic and pictorial work she showed profiles of independent women capable of self-expression.[1][2]

In 1913 she exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants and began writing poetry, inserting phrases, such as advertising slogans; experimenting with typographic elements. In 1914 she held her first solo exhibition at the Bernheim-Jeune gallery.

When the First World War broke out, she traveled to New York City with her soon to be husband, the Cubist artist Albert Gleizes,[3] who she met through the intermediary of Ricciotto Canudo, a film theoretician who published an avant-garde magazine Montjoie!, promoting Cubism.[4][5] Juliette Roche and Albert Gleizes were married in September 1915.[6][7]

In New York she took part in Dada activities with Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia,[6] The Gleizes' then traveled to Barcelona to exhibit in the Galeries Dalmau before returning to New York.[6] collaborating with Duchamp in the preparation of the first exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists of 1917,[6] and Duchamp submitted his infamous readymade Fountain.[8][9]

In 1919 she returned to Paris and began writing La minéralisation de Dudley Craving Mac Adam, published in 1924, a story that tells of the adventures of Ather Cravan and other artists in exile in New York.[10]

In 1920-21 she wrote État... Colloidal, published by the Chilean journalist Vicente Huidobro in the magazine Creación.[11]

In 1927, together with Albert Gleizes, they founded the Moly-Sabata [fr], a residence of artists in Sablons, which offered studios and workshops.[12] She continued to exhibit the rest of his life in group exhibitions.

Further reading[edit]

  • Willard Bohn, Modern Visual Poetry, University of Delaware Press, 2001, ISBN 0874137101
  • Peter Brooke, Mme Gleizes on Poznanski

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gonnard, Catherine (2013), "Le dictionnaire universel des créatrices", retrieved 5 March 2016
  2. ^ Klare Scarborough, Susan Dixon, Art and Social Change, Lulu.com, 2015. ISBN 098899996X
  3. ^ "Juliette Roche — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes". AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  4. ^ Noémi Blumenkranz-Onimus, "Montjoie! ou l'héroïque croisade pour une nouvelle culture", 1913, Paris, Klincksieck, tome 2, 1971
  5. ^ Montjoie!, Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF)
  6. ^ a b c d Burke, Carolyn (1999), "Recollecting Dada: Juliette Roche" in Sawelson-Gorse, Naomi, Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender and Identity, Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 546–577, retrieved 8 March 2015
  7. ^ Fondation Gleizes, Chronologie Archived 2008-11-12 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Fountain, Marcel Duchamp, 1917, replica, 1964". tate.org.uk. Tate. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  9. ^ Catalogue of the First Annual Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists
  10. ^ Juliette Roche, La minéralisation de Dudley Craving Mac Adam, Centre Pompidou
  11. ^ Sobre la revista Creación (Spanish)
  12. ^ Moly-Sabata / Fondation Albert Gleizes: Résidence d'artistes

External links[edit]