Junior (education)

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Junior class artwork, from East Texas State Normal College's 1920 Locust yearbook

A junior is a student in their third year of study (generally referring to high school or college/university study) as coming immediately before their senior year.[1][2] Juniors are considered upperclassmen.[3]


High school[edit]

In the United States, the 11th grade is usually the third year of a student's high school period and is referred to as junior year.


In the U.S., colleges generally require students to declare an academic major by the beginning of their junior year.[4] College juniors are advised to begin the internship process and preparing for additional education (medical school, law school, etc.) by completing applications and taking additional examinations.[5]

United Kingdom primary school[edit]

In the UK, any child in key stage 2 (Year 3 – Year 6) is known as a junior, having developed from previously being infants. At the end of Year 6 (usually age 11), they leave primary school and go to secondary school—the transition from Junior to Senior (unless they live in an area with a middle school system).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Concise Oxford English Dictionary". Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ "Merriam-Webster online". Merriam-Webster.
  3. ^ "Definition of UPPERCLASSMAN". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Do I Need to Declare a Major on My College Application?". Princeton Review. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
  5. ^ Yale UCS - Year by Year Guide - Sophomore Year Archived 2006-09-16 at the Wayback Machine