Junkers Ju 187
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|Developed from||Junkers Ju 87|
By the time of the Battle of Britain the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka had proved very vulnerable to enemy fighters and needed replacement, so after rejection of the Ju 87F proposal a new dive bomber was designed under the designation Ju 187.
The projected aircraft kept some of the features of the earlier Ju 87, such as the inverted gull wing and two man crew. It would have added retractable landing gear, as well as improved armour and armament. Most notably, the Ju 187 incorporated a rotating vertical tail. When rotated down, the tail would give the air gunner, armed with a rear turret, an unobstructed field of fire. It is not known how the aircraft would have handled with the tail rotated.
The Ju 187 project was cancelled by the Reich Air Ministry in autumn 1943 because the aircraft's projected performance, when fully loaded, was estimated to be no better than the latest Ju 87D variant (estimated maximum speed: 248 mph (399 km/h)).
Specifications (Ju 187 estimated)
- Crew: 2
- Length: 11.8 m (38 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 18.06 m (59 ft 3 in)
- Height: 3.9 m (12 ft 10 in)
- Powerplant: × Junkers Jumo 213A V-12 inverted liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,324 kW (1,776 hp) for take-off (1750 PS)
- 1,100 kW (1,480 hp) for climb and at 5,600 m (18,500 ft)
- Propellers: 3-bladed constant-speed propeller
- Guns: * 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in wing roots
- 1 × 13 mm MG 131 machine gun in dorsal turret
- 1 × 15 mm MG 151/15 cannon in dorsal turret
- Bombs: * 1 × 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or 500 kg (1,100 lb) bomb in semi recessed bay
- 4 × 250 kg (550 lb) bombs on external wing racks
- 4 × 25 kg (55 lb) ventrally
- Nowarra, Heinz J. (1993). Die Deutsche Luftrüstung 1933–1945 Vol.3 – Flugzeugtypen Henschel-Messerschmitt (in German). Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. pp. 105–106, 264–265. ISBN 978-3-7637-5467-0.
- Kay, Anthony L. (2004). Junkers aircraft and engines, 1913-1945 (1st ed.). London: Putnam Aeronautical Books. p. 158. ISBN 0851779859.
- Smith, J.R.; Kay, Anthony L. (1990). German aircraft of the Second World War (7th impression ed.). London: Putnam. p. 392. ISBN 0851778364.
- Herwig, Dieter; Rode, Heinz (2003). Luftwaffe Secret Projects - Ground Attack & Special Purpose Aircraft. Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85780-150-4.
- RLM: V-Muster-Programm, November 1942
- JFM AG: Anhang I der Aufsichts- und Verwaltungsratsitzung der JFM AG am 15. und 16. Mai 1942
- JFM AG: Vierteljahresbericht für den Aufsichtsrat der JFM AG – Januar bis März 1942
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