Kaimur district

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Kaimur district
Bihar district location map Kaimur.svg
Country India
Administrative DivisionPatna Division
 • Total3,362 km2 (1,298 sq mi)
 • Total1,626,384
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Lok SabhaSasaram
Telhar Falls, Kaimur district

Kaimur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district headquarters are located at Bhabua. Before 1991, it was part of Rohtas District, Bihar.

The district occupies an area of 3363 km² and has a population of 1,626,384 (as of 2011) with the rank of 307th in the country. The district has a Literacy rate of 69.34% (392nd in the country). Kaimur district is a part of Patna division. It is the westernmost district of Bihar, western point of Bihar called Chand is situated on the Bhabua-Chandauli road. The district has 18 Colleges, 58 High Schools, 146 Middle Schools and 763 Primary Schools. The district has a total no. of 1699 villages. The district also has 120 Post Offices and 151 Panchayat and it is well connected with Nh-2(Grand trunk road).Which is accomplished by Bhabhua Road (BBU) railway station it is the main route who is connecting Sealdah to Mumbai via Gaya jn.People of Kaimur is mostly influenced by Bhojpuri or Purvanchali language rest of other district of Bihar it is very differ due to it is situated near Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

Kaimur district was established in March 1993 after carving off a part of Rohtas district.[2] The earliest evidence of human habitation in the district consists of rock paintings in the Lehda forest that date to around 20,000 years ago. In June 2012, erotic Pala sculptures were excavated in the village of Baidyanath.[3]

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4] In the other side it is associated with belief of Hindus it is Penitential of Atri (Sanskrit: अत्रि) or Attri Rishi & one of the oldest temple in India of Ma Mundeswari which is the part of attraction of tourism.


Kaimur district occupies an area of 3,362 square kilometres (1,298 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island.[6]

The Kaimur Range and Rohtas Plateau cover the southern part of this district. The Karmnasha and Durgawati rivers run through the district. A large forest covers part of Kaimur; it measures 1,06,300 hectares and contains the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary which is home to tigers, leopards and chinkaras.

Rivers: Durgavati River, Karmanasa River, Kudra river. Waterfall: Karkat Waterfall, Telhar.


Agriculture is the main component of the economy in the district. Rice, wheat, telhan, dalhan and maize are the main crops. Industries located in the district include Vanaspati Oil Ltd., ACC Limited and the Power Grid Corporation of India's high voltage direct current (HVDC) grid station at Pusauli.

In 2006 the named Kaimur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]


Sub Divisions: Mohania subdivision, Bhabua subdivision
Blocks: Bhabua, Ramgarh, Mohania, Durgawati, Adhaura, Bhagwanpur, Chand, Chainpur, Kudra, Rampur, Nuawon,



National Highway 2 (G.T. Road) crosses through Mohania Town and kudra.

National Highway 30 originates from Mohania and connects with the capital Patna via Arrah. Apart from these, there are also a few state highways in the city. Mohania is connected to Bauxar via Ramgarh from the south and with Bhabua (district capital, Adhaura, Bhagwanpur) from the south. The State Highway 14 connects Bhabua to Mohania.

Bhabua Road Railway Station is (Mohania Town) situated on Gaya–Mughalsarai section of Grand Chord Railway line. Bhabua (the district headquarters) is 14 km southward from the Bhabua Road railway station.

The famous Mundeshawari Devi Temple (the 'oldest functional' temple of world) is about 10 km south to Bhabua and about 25 km south to the railway station. If someone wants to visit the temple then he should arrive at Bhabua Road station first then he may take a direct bus to Mundeshawari Devi temple or may first take bus to Bhabua and then an auto/tempo to the temple.

The nearest airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (VNS) (Babatpur, Varanasi).


Religions in Kaimur District
Religion Percent
Not Stated

According to the 2011 census Kaimur district has a population of 1,626,384,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[9] or the US state of Idaho.[10] This gives it a ranking of 307th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 488 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,260/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.54%.[8] Kaimur has a sex ratio of 919 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 71.01%.[8]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 97.69% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 2.13% Urdu as their first language.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ "History". Official Website of Kaimur. Archived from the original on 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
  3. ^ "Erotic sculptures of Pala period discovered in Bihar village". June 13, 2012.
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Archived from the original on 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Vaygach Island3,329km2
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Idaho 1,567,582
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°02′26″N 83°36′45″E / 25.040591°N 83.612409°E / 25.040591; 83.612409