Rangpuri language

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Rangpuri
Kamtapuri
Rajbangshi
Native toBangladesh, India, Nepal
Native speakers
15 million (2007)[2]
Bengali-Assamese script
Official status
Official language in
 India (West Bengal)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
rkt – Kamta/Rangpuri
rjs – Rajbanshi
kyv – Kayort[1]
Glottolograng1265  Rangpuri[4]
rajb1243  Rajbanshi[5]

Rangpuri, Kamtapuri or Rajbangshi is a Bengali-Assamese language spoken by the Rajbongshi people in India and Bangladesh, and Rajbanshi and Tajpuria in Nepal. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.

Names[edit]

Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Bahe Bangla, Ancholit Bangla, Kamta, Polia. In India, there is Kamtapuri, Dutta, Rajbangsi, Rajbansi, Rajbanshi, Rajbongshi, Goalparia, surjapuri, Koch Rajbanshi. Another name of the language is Tajpuri. In Assam it is known as Kochrajbongshi and Goalpariya (which is also known as Deshi bhasha and Uzani). In Bihar it is known as Surjapuri.

Dialects[edit]

The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, and Eastern Rajbanshi.

The Central dialect has the majority of speakers and is quite uniform. There are publications in this language. The Western dialect has more diversity. Lexical similarity is 77 to 89% between the three dialects. Rajbonshi shares 48 to 55% of its vocabulary with Assamese and Bengali and 43 to 49% with Maithili and Nepali.

Comparison with Kamtapuri, Bengali, Assamese and Sylheti language[edit]

English Kamtapuri/Koch Rajbanshi Assamese Bengali Sylheti
I do Muĩ kôrông Môe kôrû Ami kôri Mui/Ami xori
I am doing Muĩ koria asông Môe kôri asû Ami kôrchi Mui/Ami xoriar/xorram
I did Muĩ korisông Môe korisû Ami kôrechi Mui/Ami xor(i)si
I did (perfective) Muĩ korilung Môe korilû Ami kôrlam Mui/Ami xorlam
I did (distant) Muĩ korisilung Môe korisilû Ami kôrêchilam Mui/Ami xorsilam
I was doing Muĩ koria asilung Môe kori asilû Ami kôrchilam Mui/Ami xorat aslam
I will do Muĩ korim Môe korim Ami kôrbo Mui/Ami xormu
I will be doing Muĩ koria thakim Môe kori thakim Ami kôrtê thakbo Mui/Ami xorat táxmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  2. ^ Kamta/Rangpuri at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Rajbanshi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Kayort[1] at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  3. ^ PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in". India Today. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rangpuri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rajbanshi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

References[edit]

External links[edit]