Kangri dialect

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Native toIndia
RegionHimachal Pradesh, Punjab
Native speakers
1.7 million (1996)
Takri (historic)
Language codes
ISO 639-3xnr
"Kangri" written in the Takri script

Kangri is an Indo-Aryan language variety spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Kangra, Hamirpur and Una districts of Himachal Pradesh and in the Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts of Punjab.[2] It is associated with the people of the Kangra Valley. The total number of speakers has been estimated at 1.7 million (as of 1996),[2] while those who reported their first language as Kangri in the 2011 census were 1.17 million[3] (compared with 1.12 million in 2001).[4]

Its precise position within Indo-Aryan is subject to debate. Some scholars have classified as a dialect of the Dogri language spoken to the west (and hence a member of Greater Punjabi), while others have seen its affinity to be closer with the Pahari dialects spoken to the east: Mandeali, Chambeali and Kullui.[5]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kangri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b Simons, Gary F; Fennig, Charles D, eds. (2017). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  3. ^ "2011 Census tables: C-16, population by mother tongue". Census of India Website. Retrieved 4 November 2018. The precise figure is 1,117,342
  4. ^ "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001". censusindia.gov.in. The precise number is 1,122,843.
  5. ^ Eaton 2008, p. 2.


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