Kelso Site

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Kelso Site
Nearest cityMullen, Nebraska
Area4 acres (1.6 ha)
NRHP reference #74001123[1]
Added to NRHPJanuary 21, 1974

The Kelso Site, near Mullen in Hooker County, Nebraska, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]

It was the site of a prehistoric village. The archeological site is designated by Smithsonian trinomial of 25 HO 23.

According to Nebraska History: "Kelso is located on a sand dune overlooking the Middle Loup River near the town of Mullen. It is important as a rare example of a little known Woodland culture of the Sand Hills, Panhandle, and eastern Colorado dating A.D. 500-1100."[2]

The archeological site was partially excavated in 1947, when the proposed Mullen Reservoir project was planned. This was "the only major excavation of a Woodland site in the Sand Hills proper. Approximately one-quarter of the Kelso site was excavated. Two hearths were uncovered, but storage pits or architectural ruins were not located. Artifacts included pottery, stone tools, animal remains, and a bone awl. The animal bone sample reflected an emphasis on smaller game. The site is somewhere between 950 and 1,350 years old."[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Nebraska National Register Sites in Hooker County". Nebraska History. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  3. ^ "Sand Hills Archeology" (PDF).. Includes photo of Kelso Site excavation in progress.