|Nearest city||Mullen, Nebraska|
|Area||4 acres (1.6 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||74001123|
|Added to NRHP||January 21, 1974|
According to Nebraska History: "Kelso is located on a sand dune overlooking the Middle Loup River near the town of Mullen. It is important as a rare example of a little known Woodland culture of the Sand Hills, Panhandle, and eastern Colorado dating A.D. 500-1100."
The archeological site was partially excavated in 1947, when the proposed Mullen Reservoir project was planned. This was "the only major excavation of a Woodland site in the Sand Hills proper. Approximately one-quarter of the Kelso site was excavated. Two hearths were uncovered, but storage pits or architectural ruins were not located. Artifacts included pottery, stone tools, animal remains, and a bone awl. The animal bone sample reflected an emphasis on smaller game. The site is somewhere between 950 and 1,350 years old."
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Nebraska National Register Sites in Hooker County". Nebraska History. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Sand Hills Archeology" (PDF).. Includes photo of Kelso Site excavation in progress.
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