Keri (island)

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Keri
Keri majakas.jpg
Geography
LocationGulf of Finland
Coordinates59°42′N 25°02′E / 59.700°N 25.033°E / 59.700; 25.033Coordinates: 59°42′N 25°02′E / 59.700°N 25.033°E / 59.700; 25.033
Area3.1 ha (7.7 acres)
Administration
Estonia
CountyHarju County
MunicipalityViimsi Parish
SettlementKelnase village
Demographics
Population0

Keri (Swedish: Kockskär) is a 3.1-hectare (7.7-acre) Estonian island in the Gulf of Finland. It is located about 6 km north of the island Prangli, and is one of the northernmost islands of Estonia. Keri is the site of the notable Keri Lighthouse.

Keri was first mentioned in 1623. Keri has long been situated by important sea routes. Therefore, in 1719 a lighthouse was erected there on the order of Peter the Great. The present lighthouse was built in 1803.[1] During a well drilling in 1902 natural gas was discovered. From 1906 to 1912 the gas was used to power the lighthouse and heat the other buildings on the island. During that time it was the only lighthouse in the world to be powered by natural gas. In 1912 after a seismic impulse the gas flow stopped.[2] The island has been inhabited only by the families of the lighthouse keepers. The last keeper left the island in September 2002. Since then the lighthouse operates automatically; the power is derived from a wind turbine and solar panels.

On June 14,1940 the Finnish civilian airplane Kaleva was shot down by two Soviet Ilyushin DB-3 bombers near the island. In June 14, 1993 a monument to commemorate the 9 victims was erected on Keri.

There is an operational sauna on the island.

Administratively the island belongs to the Kelnase village in Viimsi Parish, Harju County.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Keri Island". Baltic Sea Now. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Kelnase küla" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 27 July 2012.