Ketugram I

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Ketugram I
Community development block
Ketugram I is located in West Bengal
Ketugram I
Ketugram I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°42′36″N 87°57′24″E / 23.71000°N 87.95667°E / 23.71000; 87.95667
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBolpur
Assembly constituencyKetugram
Area
 • Total74.90 sq mi (193.98 km2)
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total165,408
 • Density2,200/sq mi (850/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
713129 (Kandra)
Telephone/STD code03453
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate68.00 per cent
Websitehttp://bardhaman.gov.in/

Ketugram I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Rajoor, a constituent gram panchayat of Ketugram I block, is located at 23°42′36″N 87°57′24″E / 23.7101°N 87.9566°E / 23.7101; 87.9566.

Ketugram I CD Block is part of the Kanksa Ketugram plain, which lies along the Ajay. The river forms the southern boundary of the CD Block. The soil is alluvial of recent origin.[1]

Ketugram I CD Block is bounded by Bharatpur I CD Block, in Murshidabad district, on the north, Bharatpur II CD Block, in Murshidabad district, and Ketugram II CD Block on the east, Mangolkote CD Block on the south and Nanoor and Labpur CD Blocks, in Birbhum district, on the west.[2]

Ketugram I CD Block has an area of 193.98 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 117 gram sansads (village councils), 66 mouzas and 62 inhabited villages. Ketugram police station serves this block.[3] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kandra.[4]

Gram panchayats of Ketugram I block/panchayat samiti are: Agardanga, Ankhona, Berugram, Kandra-Jnandas, Murgram-Gopalpur, Palita, Pandugram and Rajoor.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Ketugram I CD Block had a total population of 165,408, all of which were rural. There were 84,966 (51%) males and 80,442 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,009. Scheduled Castes numbered 42,660 (25.79%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,025 (0.62%).[6]

As per 2001 census, Ketugram I block had a total population of 146,013, out of which 74,513 were males and 71,500 were females. Ketugram I block registered a population growth of 16.38 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8] Scheduled castes at 40,271 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,491.[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ketugram I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chakta (4,582), Ankhona (6,554), Morgram (6,197), Murgram (5,919), Amgaria (6,904), Kandra (11,534), Komarpur (4,110), Rajur (5,776), Khanji (4.052), Ehiapur (5,732), Palita (4,342) and Pandugram (4,178).[6]

Other villages in Ketugram I CD Block included (2011 census figures in brackets): Agardanga (2,767), Berugram (3,489), Gopalpur (3,157), Gonna Serandi (2,683) and Kogram (383).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Ketugram I CD Block was 98,192 (68.00% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 54,043 (72.81% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 44,149 (62.91% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 9.90%.[6]

As per the 2001 census, Ketugram I block had a total literacy of 59.88 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 67.78 per cent female literacy was 51.63 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[11]

Religion in Ketugram I CD Block
Hindu
52.98%
Muslim
46.77%
Christian
0.06%
Others
0.20%

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 87,635 and formed 52.98% of the population in Ketugram I CD Block. Muslims numbered 77,354 and formed 46.77% of the population. Christians numbered 95 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 324 and formed 0.20% of the population.[12]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[13]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Ketugram I CD Block was 44.87%.[14]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Ketugram I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 23.27%, agricultural labourers 51.57%, household industry workers 4.25% and other workers 20.91%.[3]

In Ketugram I CD Block, cultivators or agricultural labourers formed a large portion of the workforce, comparatively less workers were engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors. In the decade 1991-2001 cultivators decreased and the secondary and tertiary sectors increased.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 62 inhabited villages in Ketugram I CD block. All 62 villages (100%) have power supply. All 62 villages (100%) have drinking water supply. 25 villages (40.32%) have post offices. 61 villages (98.31%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 47 villages (75.81%) have a pucca (paved) approach road and 44 villages (58.46%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 7 villages (11.21%) have agricultural credit societies. 7 villages (11.21%) have banks.[16]

In 2013-14, there were 27 fertiliser depots and 55 fair price shops in the CD Block.[3]

Agriculture[edit]

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Ketugram I CD Block

  Bargadars (9.58%)
  Patta holders (6.77%)
  Small farmers (5.78%)
  Marginal farmers (19.18%)
  Agricultural labourers (58.69%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Ketugram I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 9.58%, patta (document) holders 6.77%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.78%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.18% and agricultural labourers 58.69%.[3]

In 2003-04, net cropped area in Ketugram I CD Block was 15,148 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 6,337 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block produced 46,641 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 15,783 hectares, 23,379 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 6,326 hectares, 3 tonnes of wheat from 1 hectare, 2,436 tonnes of potatoes from 146 hectares and 6,952 tonnes of sugar cane from 76 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[3]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Ketugram I CD Block was 286.96 hectares, out of which 27.87 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 259.09 hectares by deep tube wells.[3]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block had offices of 4 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[3]

Transport[edit]

Ketugram I CD Block has 4 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[3]

SH 6, running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) and SH 7 running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore (in Paschim Medinipur district) cross at Kurmodanga in this CD Block.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block had 100 primary schools with 9,481 students, 4 middle schools with 354 students, 16 high school with 9,304 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 6,233 students. Ketugram I CD Block had 1 general college with 2,433 students, 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students and 281 institutions for special and non-formal education with 15,724 students[3]

As per the 2011 census, in Ketugram I CD block, amongst the 62 inhabited villages, all villages had schools, 50 villages had two or more primary schools, 28 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 24 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[20]

More than 6,000 schools (in erstwhile Bardhaman district) serve cooked midday meal to more than 900,000 students.[21]

Kandra Radha Kanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya, established in 2001, is affiliated to the University of Burdwan.[22]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Ketugram I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 28 beds and 5 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 24 family welfare subcentres. 10,083 patients were treated indoor and 180,625 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[3]

Ramjibanpur Rural Hospital at Ramjibanpur, PO Jnandas Kandra (with 30 beds) is the main medical facility in Ketugram I CD block. There are primary health centres at Ankhona (with 2 beds) and Pandugram, PO Khatundi (with 10 beds).[23]

Ketugram I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  9. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook Barddhaman, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 102 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook, Barddhaman, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1082, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Midday Meal – Burdwan, WB". District Authorities. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  22. ^ "Kandra Radha Kanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.

External links[edit]