|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Keystone Aircraft Corporation|
|Primary user||United States Army Air Corps|
The Keystone LB-5 (originally ordered under the Huff-Daland name) was a bomber aircraft produced in the United States in the late 1920s. Its manufacturer nicknamed it the Pirate, but this name was not officially adopted by the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
Design and development
The LB-5 was a member of the family of closely related bomber designs that had debuted with the XLB-1 in 1923, and as such, was a large, single-bay, conventional biplane. Like most of the family, it was a twin-engine machine, with engines mounted in nacelles on the lower wing. The prototype XLB-5 had a single tail fin like the XLB-1, the 10 LB-5 production machines were designed with a triple-finned tail under the Huff-Daland name, but the final batch of 25 was redesigned with twin tails and designated LB-5A.
Its Liberty L-12 engines featured duralumin adjustable-pitch propellers built by the Standard Steel Propeller Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, (forerunner of the Hamilton Standard Propeller Company). At least nine tests of tensile strength were made of its propeller blades between 1925 and 1927, one of which reported failure after 34 hours of flying time and 10 hours of testing.
On 28 May 1927, while at 1,200 ft altitude near Reynoldsburg, Ohio, the XLB-5 prototype (AC serial 26-208) experienced catastrophic failure of its right engine when a blade separated from the hub with explosive power, tearing the engine apart. Shrapnel sprayed the five-man crew, which included 2nd Bombardment Group commander Major Lewis H. Brereton, flying co-pilot, and all except the nosegunner immediately parachuted. The nosegunner died in the crash, and the gasoline-soaked wreckage subsequently exploded and burned on the ground.
- XLB-5 – Prototype (1 built from LB-1) with single tail fin
- LB-5 – first production batch with triple tail fins (10 built)
- LB-5A – second production batch with twin tails (25 built)
Data from National Museum of the United States Air Force
- Crew: Five – pilot, copilot, bombardier, two gunners
- Length: 44 ft 8 in (13.61 m)
- Wingspan: 67 ft 0 in (20.42 m)
- Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m)
- Wing area: 1,138 ft2 (105.8 m2)
- Empty weight: 7,024 lb (3,194 kg)
- Gross weight: 12,155 lb (5,525 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Liberty L-12, 420 hp (310 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 107 mph (171 km/h)
- Range: 435 miles (696 km)
- Service ceiling: 8,000 ft (2,500 m)
- Rate of climb: 250 ft/min (1.3 m/s)
- 2 × trainable .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis guns in open position in nose
- 2 × trainable .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis guns in open dorsal position
- 1 × trainable .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis gun in ventral hatch
- 2,312 lb (1,051 kg) of bombs
- Miller, Dr. Roger G. "Four 'Caterpillars' and a funeral documents on the crash of the Huff-Daland XLB-5." Air Power History, Fall 2002.
- "LB-5 fact sheet." National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved: 14 July 2017.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989, p. 559.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing, File 899 Sheet 09.
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