Khün language

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Pronunciation/táj kʰɯ̌ːn/
Native toMyanmar (Shan State), Thailand
Native speakers
(100,000 cited 1990)[1]
Tai Tham script, Thai script
Language codes
ISO 639-3kkh

Khün, or Tai Khün (Tai Khün: ᨴᩱ᩠ᨿᨡᩨ᩠ᨶ /táj kʰɯ̌ːn/; Thai: ไทเขิน  [tʰaj kʰɤ̌ːn]), also known as Kengtung Dai, Kengtung-Hsipaw Shan, is the language of the Tai Khün people of Kengtung, Shan State, Myanmar.[3] It is a Tai language that is closely related to Thai and Lao. It is also spoken in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand, and Yunnan Province, China.

Geographical distribution[edit]

In China, there are about 10,000 Tai Khuen (Chinese: 傣艮/傣痕) people in the following areas of Yunnan province (Gao 1999).[4]


  Labial Alveolar Postalveolar
/ palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal [m] [n] [ɲ] [ŋ]  
[pʰ] [tʰ] [tɕʰ] [kʰ]  
[p] [t] [tɕ] [k] [ʔ]*
[b] [d]  
Fricative [f] [s]     [h]
Trill   [r]**      
Approximant   [l] [j] [w]  
* The glottal stop is implied[What does 'implied' mean? Is it there or not?] after a short vowel without final, or silent before a vowel.[If it's silent, what's the evidence that it's there?]
** The [r] is often used with Sanskrit and Pali loanwords.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Khun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Khun". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ (thai)
  4. ^ Gao Lishi 高立士. 1999. 傣族支系探微. 中南民族学院学报 (哲学社会科学版). 1999 年第1 期 (总第96 期).

External links[edit]