Kingdom of Luang Phrabang

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Kingdom of Luang Phrabang

ພຣະຣາຊອານາຈັກຫລວງພະບາງ
1707–1893
Flag of Luang Phrabang
Flag
The Kingdom of Luang Phrabang and its neighbors in 1750
The Kingdom of Luang Phrabang and its neighbors in 1750
StatusVassal of Siam
CapitalLuang Phrabang
Common languagesLao
Religion
Buddhism
GovernmentMonarchy
History 
• Lan Xang divided
1707
• Haw wars
1865–1890
1893
1893
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lan Xang
French Protectorate of Laos
Today part ofLaos
Thailand
Vietnam
China

The Kingdom of Luang Phrabang was formed in 1707 as a result of the split of the Kingdom of Lan Xang. When The kingdom split, Muang Phuan became a tributary state of Luang Prabang. Then as the years passed, the monarchy weakened even more, that it was forced to become a vassal various times to the Burmese and the Siamese monarchies.

A French consulate was established in the capital of Luang Prabang in 1885. The kingdom was at this time a Siamese vassal, who feared French plans of annexing of Luan Phrabang. A treaty was signed on 7 May 1886 between Siam and France recognizing Siamese suzerainty over Luang Phrabang and neighboring Lao kingdoms.[1] France conducted expeditions in the region, searching for the possibility of establishing French territory there. A particularly destructive attack during the Haw wars by the Chinese Black Flag Army in 1887 saw King Oun Kham request French protection. This was accepted and signed on 27 March 1889, against Siamese protest.[2]

France and Siam went to war in 1893, culminating in the Paknam incident when France, contrary to promises it had made to Great Britain, entered Bangkok with warships. Siam's was forced to accept the French ultimatum, to cede the lands east of the Mekong including its islands. The French Protectorate of Laos was officially established, with the administrative capital moved from Luang Prabang to Vientiane. However, Luang Prabang remained the seat of the royal family, whose power was reduced to figureheads while the actual power was transferred over to French officials including the vice consulate and Resident-General.[3] In January 1896, France and the United Kingdom signed an accord recognizing the border between French Laos and British Burma.

Kings of Luang Phrabang[edit]

From 12 October 1945 Sisavang Vong was officially King of Laos.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carine Hahn, Le Laos, Karthala, 1999, pp. 60–64
  2. ^ Carine Hahn, Le Laos, Karthala, 1999, pp. 66–67
  3. ^ Carine Hahn, Le Laos, Karthala, 1999, pp. 67–68
  4. ^ Thant Myint-U (2006). The River of Lost Footsteps--Histories of Burma. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. pp. 98–99. ISBN 978-0-374-16342-6.
  5. ^ a b Tarling, Nicholas. The Cambridge history of South East Asia: From c. 1500 to c. 1800. 1. Cambridge University Press. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-521-66370-0. ISBN 0-521-66370-9.
The Phra Bang Buddha, palladium of Lan Xang, the Kingdom of Luang Prabang, and is the namesake of Luang Prabang, Laos. The Phra Bang is regarded as the most sacred and culturally significant Buddha image in Laos. The image is Khmer in origin and cast using an alloy of bronze, gold and silver.