Koiarian languages

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Koiarian
Koiari – Managalas Plateau
Geographic
distribution
Southeastern peninsula of New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea
Subdivisions
  • Koiaric
  • Baraic
Glottologkoia1260[2]

The Koiarian languages /kɔɪˈɑːriən/[3] Koiari are a small family of Trans–New Guinea languages spoken in the "Bird's Tail" (southeastern peninsula) of New Guinea. They are sometimes included in a speculative Southeast Papuan branch of Trans–New Guinea (TNG), but the Southeast Papuan families have not been shown to be any more closely related to each other than they are to other TNG families.

Languages[edit]

The languages are:

Pronouns[edit]

Pronouns are:

sg pl
1 ? *no
2 *a *ya
3 *ahu *yabu

1sg is Koiaric *da (= nda?) or maybe *di, Baraic *na.

Evolution[edit]

Koiarian reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[4]

Koiari language:

  • muka ‘lump’ < maŋgV ‘round object’
  • uni ‘egg’ < *mun(a,i,u)ka
  • idu ‘tree’ < *inda, iya ‘cassowary’ < *ku(y)a
  • karika ‘dry’ < *(ŋg,k)atata
  • muni ‘stone < *(na)muna
  • nana ‘older same sex sibling’ < *nan(a,i)
  • u-tuvu ‘ashes’ < *kambu-sumbu

Managalasi language:

  • ata ‘bone’ < *kondaC
  • muka ‘lump’ < *maŋgV ‘round object’
  • iha ‘name’ < *imbi
  • uma ‘louse’ < *iman
  • uka ‘bird’ < *yaka
  • tuua ‘short’ < *tukumba[C]
  • muna ‘stone’ < *(na)
  • muna, ija ‘tree’ < *inda
  • otoka ‘knee’ < *(k,ŋg)atuk
  • kora ‘dry’ < *(ŋg,k)atata

Further reading[edit]

  • Proto-Koiarian. TransNewGuinea.org. From Dutton, T.E. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: The history of a Papuan language family, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Proto-Koiariac. TransNewGuinea.org. From Dutton, T.E. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: The history of a Papuan language family, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Proto-Baraic. TransNewGuinea.org. From Dutton, T.E. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: The history of a Papuan language family, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Guinea World, Owen Stanley Range
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Koiarian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.