Koide Ichijūrō

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Koide Ichijūrō (湖出市十郎, died 29 October 1800) was a Japanese kabuki composer-performer (唄方 uta-kata) of "long songs" (長唄 naga uta) of the Edo period.[1] He was at first a student of Yoshizumi Kosaburo 1st (1699-1753) and identified himself as Yoshizumi Ichijuro. From 1747 he appeared at the Morita-za, one of the three venues of Edo. Afterwards he became a disciple of Fujita Yoshiji 1st (1714-1771), and changed his own stagename to Fujita Okada. In 1768 he took the name Koide, and in opposition to Fujita Yoshiji's monopoly on the Ichimura-za, became active at the Nakamura-za, together with Nakamura Fujiro 1st (1719–86), receiving recognition also in Osaka.[2] During the Meiwa-Tenmei period (1764–89) when the meriyasu genre of solo songs[3] was in vogue he received recognition for shirotae (白妙, "white cloth cherry")[4] and the kouta song kurokami ("black hair").[5][6][7] The name Ichijūrō was taken up by 2nd, 3rd, (and according to one tradition a 4th) generation of performers of his songs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 朝日日本歴史人物事典 湖出市十郎(初代) 生年: 生年不詳. 没年: 寛政12.9.12 (1800.10.29) 江戸中期の長唄唄方。
    Translation: "Asahi Nippon Historical Person Dictionary. Koide Ichijuro (the 1st) Date of Birth: Unknown. Date of Death: Kansei era 12.9.12 (1800.10.29) Edo middle period long song performer."
  2. ^ ...はじめ初代ja:吉住小三郎の門人で,吉住市十郎と名乗った。延享4(1747)年ごろから江戸ja:森田座に出演するが,のちに初代ja:富士田吉次に入門してから岡田,富士田と改姓した。明和5(1768)年から湖出と名乗るようになり,江戸ja:市村座の専属だった師のja:富士田吉次に対抗するかのように江戸ja:中村座で活躍し,また初代ja:中村富十郎と共に上った大坂でも高く評価された。
    "Asahi Nippon Historical Person Dictionary. continued - Translation: He was at first a student of Yoshizumi Kosaburo 1st (1699-1753)and identified himself as Yoshizumi Ichijuro. From 1747 he appeared at the Morita-za, one of the three venues of Edo. Afterwards he became a disciple of Fujita Yoshiji 1st (1714-1771), and changed his own stagename to Fujita Okada. In 1768 he took the name Koide, and in opposition to Fujita Yoshiji's monopoly on the Ichimura-za, became active at the Nakamura-za, together with Nakamura Fujiro 1st (1719–86), receiving recognition also in Osaka.
  3. ^ "「メリヤス」1. 長唄の一種で、つふう歌舞伎下座音楽として、物思い・愁嘆などの無言の演技のとき、叙情的効果を上げるために独吟または両吟で演奏するもの。もの静かな沈んだ曲調が多い"
    Translation: 「Meriyasu」"lace" 1. A type of long song, accompanying music to kabuki, at the time of performance of longing or grief scenes, used to raise the effect of emotion by solo song or duet and accompaniment. Quiet and subdued tunes are common.
  4. ^ ...特に,明和~天明期(1764~89)に流行していた独吟のメリヤスものを得意とし,現在も残る名曲「黒髪」や「白妙」などを唄って人気を博した。市十郎の名跡は幕末までに3代(一説に4代)を数えた。(長葉子)
    Translation "Asahi Nippon Historical Person Dictionary. meriyasu songs, especially popular during the Meiwa-Tenwa period (1764-89).. "
  5. ^ 『黒髪(くろかみ)』video 歌と演奏 【解説】ひとりで寝る女性の寂しさを歌ったもので、18世紀の終わりごろ初代・湖出市十郎(こいでいちじゅうろう)[?-1800]が作曲したと言われています。【詞章】黒髪の、結ぼおれたる思いをば、解けて寝た夜の枕こそ、独り寝(ぬ)る夜の仇枕、袖は片敷く夫(つま)じゃというて
    Translation 『Kurokami(black hair)』video - song and accompaniment. 【Explanation】: A woman sleeping alone.. 【Lyrics】: Black hair, knotted thoughts.. "
  6. ^ デジタル版 日本人名大辞典+Plus 湖出市十郎(初代) こいで-いちじゅうろう ?-1800 江戸時代中期-後期の長唄唄方。江戸長唄の初代富士田吉治らに師事し,明和5年湖出市十郎を名のる。「黒髪」などのめりやす物を得意とし,晩年は大坂で江戸長唄をひろめた。一時,2代湖出金四郎を称した。寛政12年9月12日死去。初名は吉住市十郎。前名は岡田市十郎,富士田市十郎。俳名は一声。
    Translation: Digital Edition Japan Personal Names Dictionary+Plus Koide Ichijuro (1st) ?-1800 Edo Middle Period-Late Period long song performer. Edo long song Fujita Yoshiji 1st as teacher. Meiwa 5th year changed his name to Koide Ichijuro. 「Black hair」etc. lace songs noted, in his declining years broadened the Edo long song in Osaka. The 2nd Koide named as Kinshiro. Died Kansei 12.9.12.
  7. ^ Asian Music: Volume 36, Issue 1 2005 "The jiuta version of Kurokami is an adaptation of a kouta 小呗 by Koide Ichijuro 湖出市十郎 (d. 1800)."