Kokrajhar district

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Kokrajhar district
District
Map of Kokrajhar district in Assam
Map of Kokrajhar district in Assam
Country India
StateAssam
DivisionLower Assam
HeadquartersKokrajhar
Area
 • Total3,169.22 km2 (1,223.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total886,999
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Websitekokrajhar.gov.in

Kokrajhar district is an administrative district in Bodoland Territorial Area of Assam. It is predominantly inhabited by the Boro tribe. The district has its headquarters located at Kokrajhar Town and occupies an area of 3,169.22 km².

History[edit]

Kokrajhar was a part the undivided Goalpara district. In 1957, under the administration of Bimala Prasad Chaliha as the Chief Minister of Assam, three sub-divisions were created one of which was Kokrajhar. This sub-division was made into a district on 1 July 1983.[1]

On 29 September 1989 Bongaigaon district was created from parts of Kokrajhar and Goalpara.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kokrajhar district occupies an area of 3,129 square kilometres (1,208 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Waigeo Island.[3] Kokrajhar district is located on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra river. It forms the gateway to the Seven Sister States. Kokrajhar shares its boundary with Bongaigaon (now known as Chirang), Dhubri, West Bengal, Barpeta and Bhutan.

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture in Kokrajhar district

In 2006 the Indian government named Kokrajhar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions[edit]

There are four Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: Gossaigaon, Kokrajhar West, Kokrajhar East, and Sidli.[5] All but Gossaigaon are designated for scheduled tribes.[5] All four are in the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Kokrajhar district[7]
Religion Percent
Hindu
65.60%
Islam
20.36%
Christianity
13.72%
Others
0.32%
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190179,378—    
1911103,171+2.66%
1921130,947+2.41%
1931151,581+1.47%
1941174,060+1.39%
1951190,164+0.89%
1961270,930+3.60%
1971416,996+4.41%
1991744,609+2.94%
2001843,243+1.25%
2011887,142+0.51%
source:[8]
Ethnic Groups in Kokrajhar district 2011
Language Percent
Bodo
42.39%
Bengali
24.40%
Assamese
12.78%
Santhal
9.90%

According to the 2011 census Kokrajhar district has a population of 886,999,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Fiji.[10] This gives it a ranking of 467th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 280 inhabitants per square kilometre (730/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 5.19%.[9] Kokrajhar has a sex ratio of 958 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 66.63%.[9]

The district is multi-ethnic, with no majority ethnic group but Bodo people form a plurality. Kokrajhar is known as a global center of Bodo culture and language and serves as the capital of Bodoland Districts council. Most of the Bodo and Assamese are Hindu, with a small Christian minority. Almost all of the Bengalis are Muslim, while more than 90% of the Santhals are Christian.[11]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1990 Kokrajhar district became home to Manas National Park, which has an area of 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi).[12] It shares the park with four other districts.

Notable personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Waigeo 3,154km2
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ a b "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ District Report - KOKRAJHAR Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt of India
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Fiji 883,125 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ Census 2001
  12. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°24′00″N 90°16′12″E / 26.40000°N 90.27000°E / 26.40000; 90.27000