Kol language (Papua New Guinea)

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RegionNew Britain
Native speakers
(4,000 cited 1991)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kol

The Kol language is a language spoken in eastern New Britain island, Papua New Guinea. There are about 4000 speakers.

Kol appears to be a language isolate, though it may be distantly related to the poorly attested Sulka language.


Phonology of the Kol language[3]:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Plosive p b t k g
Nasal m n ŋ
Rhotic r
Lateral l
Fricative s
Approximant w j

/b, r/ can be realized as [β, d] as intervocalic allophones. /r/ is pronounced as [d] when following a nasal consonant.

Vowel sounds
Front Back
High i iː u uː
Mid e eː o oː
Low æː ɑ ɑː ɒ ɒː

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kol at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kol (Papua New Guinea)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Lindrud, Stellan (October 1992). Kol Language [KOL] East New Britain Province (PDF). Organised Phonology Data: SIL.

External links[edit]