Kolopom languages

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Kolopom
Geographic
distribution
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea
  • Kayagar–Kolopom
    • Kolopom
Glottologkolo1268[1]
Kolopom languages.svg
Map: The Kolopom languages of New Guinea
  The Kolopom languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Kolopom languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classifications of Stephen Wurm (1975) and of Malcolm Ross (2005). Along with the Mombum languages, they are the languages spoken on Yos Sudarso Island (Kolopom Island).

Languages[edit]

The Kolopom languages are,[2]

Pronouns[edit]

Pronouns reconstructed by Ross (2005) are:

sg pl
1 *na *ni
2 *[a]ga *[i]gi
3 ? *i

Cognates[edit]

Cognates among Kolopom languages listed by Evans (2018):[3]

Kolopom family cognates
gloss Kimaghama Riantana Ndom Marori
stone mɛtɛ mɛtoe mɛtə mɛrɛ / mara
cheek cama cəma sama
name na nar neɣ / naw
rope niɛ na nɛɣ naʒ

Evolution[edit]

Kolopom reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[4]

Kimaghana language:

  • kura ‘leg’ < *k(a,o)ndok[V]
  • nome ‘louse’ < *niman
  • nanu ‘older sibling’ < *nana(i)

Riantana language:

  • mu ‘breast’ < *amu
  • modo ‘head’ < *mVtVna
  • nome ‘louse’ < *niman

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kolopom". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ New Guinea World, Kolopom
  3. ^ Evans, Nicholas (2018). "The languages of Southern New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 641–774. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.